David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (1):3-16 (2012)
Skeptical theism is the view that God exists but, given our cognitive limitations, the fact that we cannot see a compensating good for some instance of evil is not a reason to think that there is no such good. Hence, we are not justified in concluding that any actual instance of evil is gratuitous, thus undercutting the evidential argument from evil for atheism. This paper focuses on the epistemic role of context and contrast classes to advance the debate over skeptical theism in two ways. First, considerations of context and contrast can be invoked to offer a novel defense of skeptical theism. Second, considerations of context and contrast can be invoked to undermine the two most serious objections to skeptical theism: the global skepticism objection and the moral objection. The gist of the paper is to defend a connection between context and contrast-driven views in epistemology with skeptical views in philosophy of religion.
|Keywords||Skeptical theism Atheism Contextualism Interest-relative invariantism Contrastivism Argument from evil|
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References found in this work BETA
Marilyn McCord Adams (1986). Redemptive Suffering: A Christian Solution to the Problem of Evil. In William Wainwright & Robert Audi (eds.), Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment. Cornell University Press
Michael J. Almeida & Graham Oppy (2003). Sceptical Theism and Evidential Arguments From Evil. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):496 – 516.
William P. Alston (1996). Some (Temporarily) Final Thoughts on Evidential. In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press 311.
William P. Alston (1991). The Inductive Argument From Evil and the Human Cognitive Condition. Philosophical Perspectives 5:29-67.
John Beaudoin (1998). Evil, the Human Cognitive Condition, and Natural Theology. Religious Studies 34 (4):403-418.
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