Jamesian pragmatism: A framework for working towards unified diversity in nursing knowledge development
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Nursing Philosophy 11 (3):191-203 (2010)
Nursing is frequently described as practical or pragmatic and there are many parallels between nursing and pragmatism, the school of thought. Pragmatism is often glancingly referenced by nursing authors, but few have conducted in-depth discussions about its applicability to nursing; and few have identified it as a significant theoretical basis for nursing research. William James's pragmatism has not been discussed substantially in the nursing context, despite obvious complementarities. James's theme of pluralism fits with nursing's diversity and plurality; his emphasis on social conscience in our actions matches nursing's fundamental purpose of improving the lives of others; his continuous testing of pluralistic truths in critically reflective practice pairs well with nursing's focus on developing best-available, holistic evidence; and his conceptualization of truth as being born in practice and becoming an instrument in practice is entirely compatible with nursing's theory–practice identity. The oft-discussed theory–practice gap is seen to hinder the development of nursing knowledge. If nursing is to find its identity in knowledge development and potentiate the knowledge developed, it is imperative to identify and address that which is impeding progress. By way of the pragmatic tenets of William James, I will argue that a significant part of the theory–practice gap lies in how nursing knowledge development is operationalized, creating a false dichotomy between practice and research. I will also argue that the research–practice schism has been widened by continued philosophical and methodological infighting in the research community. I will describe how Jamesian pragmatism can be 'what works' for rebuilding relationships and supporting an engaged plurality within nursing research and bring research and practice together into a collaborative and iterative process of developing nursing knowledge.
|Keywords||nursing knowledge development plurality William James fallibilism pragmatism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Michael Eldridge (2009). Adjectival and Generic Pragmatism: Problems and Possibilities. Human Affairs 19 (1).
Russell Goodman, William James. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Eun-Ok Im & Wonshik Chee (2003). Fuzzy Logic and Nursing. Nursing Philosophy 4 (1):53-60.
Sandy Isaacs, Jenny Ploeg & Catherine Tompkins (2009). How Can Rorty Help Nursing Science in the Development of a Philosophical 'Foundation'? Nursing Philosophy 10 (2):81-90.
Citations of this work BETA
Austyn Snowden & John Atkinson (2012). Concurrent Analysis: A Pragmatic Justification. Nursing Philosophy 13 (2):126-141.
Colin A. Holmes & Kim Walker (2012). Letter to the Editor. Nursing Philosophy 13 (2):146-148.
Christine Phillips & Sally Hall (2013). Nurses and the Wise Organisation:Techneandphronesisin Australian General Practice. Nursing Inquiry 20 (2):121-132.
Similar books and articles
Sandra Mackey (2009). Towards an Ontological Theory of Wellness: A Discussion of Conceptual Foundations and Implications for Nursing. Nursing Philosophy 10 (2):103-112.
Walter H. Mason (2009). Constructing a 'Plausible Narrative of Progress' for Nursing: A Neopragmatist Suggestion. Nursing Philosophy 10 (1):4-13.
Mary K. McCurry, Susan M. Hunter Revell & Sr Callista Roy (2010). Knowledge for the Good of the Individual and Society: Linking Philosophy, Disciplinary Goals, Theory, and Practice. Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):42-52.
Nancy Kern (2008). Nursing Knowledge Development and Clinical Practice. Nursing Philosophy 9 (4):279-280.
Ian E. Thompson, Kath M. Melia & Kenneth M. Boyd (eds.) (2006). Nursing Ethics. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Paula N. Kagan, Marlaine C. Smith, I. I. I. Cowling & Peggy L. Chinn (2010). A Nursing Manifesto: An Emancipatory Call for Knowledge Development, Conscience, and Praxis. Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):67-84.
Joy Hinson Penticuff (1991). Conceptual Issues in Nursing Ethics Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (3):235-258.
Martha Mackay (2009). Why Nursing has Not Embraced the Clinician–Scientist Role. Nursing Philosophy 10 (4):287-296.
Mark W. Risjord (2010). Nursing Knowledge: Science, Practice, and Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell Pub..
Added to index2010-06-08
Total downloads27 ( #62,756 of 1,098,129 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #112,729 of 1,098,129 )
How can I increase my downloads?