David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 64 (2):101 - 116 (2006)
Unethical decision-making behavior within organizations has received increasing attention over the past ten years. As a result, a plethora of studies have examined the relationship between gender and business ethics. However, these studies report conflicting results as to whether or not men and women differ with regards to business ethics. In this article, we propose that gender identity theory [Spence: 1993, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 64, 624–635], provides both the theory and empirical measures to explore the influence of psychological gender traits and gender-role attitudes on ethical perceptions of workplace behaviors. Statistical analyses of the data reveal that based on sex alone, no differences occur between men and women in their ethical perceptions. Yet, when a multidimensional approach to gender is applied, results show that expressive traits and egalitarian gender-role attitudes contribute to both men’s and women’s propensity to perceive unethical workplace behaviors as unethical. The implications of these findings and suggestions for future research are presented.
|Keywords||Business ethics ethical perceptions expressive traits gender gender identity theory instrumental traits|
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Citations of this work BETA
A. Ben Oumlil & Joseph L. Balloun (2009). Ethical Decision-Making Differences Between American and Moroccan Managers. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):457 - 478.
Connie R. Bateman & Sean R. Valentine (2010). Investigating the Effects of Gender on Consumers' Moral Philosophies and Ethical Intentions. Journal of Business Ethics 95 (3):393 - 414.
Taran Patel & Anja Schaefer (2009). Making Sense of the Diversity of Ethical Decision Making in Business: An Illustration of the Indian Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):171 - 186.
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Paul Dunn & Anamitra Shome (2009). Cultural Crossvergence and Social Desirability Bias: Ethical Evaluations by Chinese and Canadian Business Students. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):527 - 543.
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