Demonstration by simulation: The philosophical significance of experiment in helmholtz's theory of perception
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Perspectives on Science 11 (2):170-207 (2003)
: Understanding Helmholtz's philosophy of science requires attention to his experimental practice. I sketch out such a project by showing how experiment shapes his theory of perception in three ways. One, the theory emerged out of empirical and experimental research. Two, the concept of experiment fills a critical conceptual gap in his theory of perception. Experiment functions not merely as a scientific technique, but also as a general epistemological strategy. Three, Helmholtz's experimental practice provides essential clues to the interpretation of his theory of perception. A case study from experimental investigation of hearing shows how he designed such studies in accordance with the epistemological commitments of the theory of perception. Yet, while the theory was important to his experiments, the soundness of the experimental strategy was epistemically independent of those commitments. Secondly, the case study illustrates how Helmholtz consistently held that causal inferences underwrite reference to a real, but indirectly experienced external world
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Eric Winsberg (2003). Simulated Experiments: Methodology for a Virtual World. Philosophy of Science 70 (1):105-125.
Edwin G. Boring (1944). Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology. Journal of Philosophy 41 (12):334-335.
T. A. Ryckman (1991). Conditio Sine Qua Non? Zuordnung in the Early Epistemologies of Cassirer and Schlick. Synthese 88 (1):57 - 95.
Michael Friedman (1997). Helmholtz's Zeichentheorie and Schlick's Allgemeine Erkenntnislehre. Philosophical Topics 25 (2):19-50.
Gary Hatfield (1993). Helmholtz and Classicism: The Science of Aesthetics and the Aesthetics of Science. In David Cahan (ed.), Hermann von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press 522--58.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Gary Hatfield (1991). The Natural and the Normative: Theories of Spatial Perception From Kant to Helmholtz. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Michael Busse & Änne Bäumer-Schleinkofer (1996). Ewald Hering und die Gegenfarbtheorie. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 4 (1):159-172.
Allan Franklin (1990). Experiment, Right or Wrong. Cambridge University Press.
Matthias Neuber (2012). Helmholtz's Theory of Space and its Significance for Schlick. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):163 - 180.
J. R. Smythies & Vilayanur S. Ramachandran (1997). An Empirical Refutation of the Direct Realist Theory of Perception. Inquiry 40 (4):437-438.
P. M. S. Hacker (1995). Helmholtz's Theory of Perception: An Investigation Into its Conceptual Framework. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (3):199 – 214.
Austen Clark (1998). Color Perception (in 3000 Words). In George Graham & William Bechtel (eds.), A Companion to Cognitive Science. Blackwell
Michael Heidelberger (1993). Force, Law, and Experiment: The Evolution of Helmholtz's Philosophy of Science. In David Cahan (ed.), Hermann Von Helmholtz and the Foundations of Nineteenth-Century Science. University of California Press 461-497.
Mitchell Herschbach (2008). Folk Psychological and Phenomenological Accounts of Social Perception. Philosophical Explorations 11 (3):223 – 235.
Gary Hatfield (1984). Spatial Perception and Geometry in Kant and Helmholtz. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:569 - 587.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #160,619 of 1,907,930 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #195,286 of 1,907,930 )
How can I increase my downloads?