Differing conceptions of personhood within the psychology and philosophy of Mary whiton Calkins

Abstract
: This paper examines the ethical status of animals and nature within the thought of Mary Whiton Calkins. Though Calkins held that her self-psychology and absolute personalistic idealism were compatible in many ways, the two schools of thought offer different conceptions of personhood with respect to animals and nature. On the one hand, Calkins's self-psychology classified animals and nature as non-persons, due to the fact that self-psychology viewed animals and nature as physical entities bereft of the psychical qualities necessary for personhood. On the other hand, Calkins's absolute personalistic idealism classified animals and nature as persons, due to the absolute personalistic idealist understanding of the universe as ultimately mental and personal. Because Calkins's ethics requires the ethical individual to will for the benefit of all human beings, an ethics that adopts Calkins's psychological conception of personhood promotes an anthropocentrism that views animals and nature as possessing merely instrumental value, while an ethics that adopts Calkins's philosophical conception of personhood views animals and nature as possessing intrinsic value.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 11,392
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Citations of this work BETA
Similar books and articles
Mary Whiton Calkins (1907). Psychology: What is It About? Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 4 (25):673-683.
Mary Whiton Calkins (1907). Psychology: What is It About? Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 4 (25):673-683.
Mary Whiton Calkins (1914). Idealist to Realist, Once More: A Reply. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 11 (11):297-298.
Mary Whiton Calkins (1911). The Idealist to the Realist. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (17):449-458.
Mary Whiton Calkins (1908). Psychology as Science of Self: II. The Nature of the Self. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 5 (3):64-68.
Mary Whiton Calkins (1912). Mr. Muscio's Criticism of Miss Calkins's Reply to the Realist. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 9 (22):603-606.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

9 ( #159,846 of 1,102,928 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #297,435 of 1,102,928 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.