Leibniz's Optics and Contingency in Nature

Perspectives on Science 18 (4):432-455 (2010)
Leibniz’s mature philosophical understanding of the laws of nature emerges rather suddenly in the late 1670’s to early 1680’s and is signaled by his embrace of three central theses.1 The first, what I’ll call the thesis of Contingency, suggests that the laws of nature are not only contingent, but, in some sense, paradigmatically contingent; they are supposed to provide insight into the very nature of contingency as Leibniz comes to understand it. The second, what I’ll call the thesis of Providence, suggests that the laws of nature provide a basis for a new argument from design by showing how reflection on God’s ends can be positively useful in the practice of natural philosophy. The third, what I’ll call thesis of ..
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Jeffrey K. McDonough (2009). Leibniz on Natural Teleology and the Laws of Optics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78 (3):505 - 544.
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