David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):389 – 407 (2009)
I here present two different models of oppressive speech. My interest is not in how speech can cause oppression, but in how speech can actually be an act of oppression. As we shall see, a particular type of speech act, the exercitive, enacts permissibility facts. Since oppressive speech enacts permissibility facts that oppress, speech must be exercitive in order for it to be an act of oppression. In what follows, I distinguish between two sorts of exercitive speech acts (the standard exercitive and the covert exercitive) and I argue that each such exercitive affords a distinct model of oppressive speech.
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References found in this work BETA
Andrew Altman (1993). Liberalism and Campus Hate Speech: A Philosophical Examination. Ethics 103 (2):302-317.
J. L. Austin (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Clarendon Press.
Marilyn Frye (1983). The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory. The Crossing Press.
Jennifer Hornsby (1995). Disempowered Speech. Philosophical Topics 23 (2):127-147.
Citations of this work BETA
Mary Kate McGowan (2009). Debate: On Silencing and Sexual Refusal. Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (4):487-494.
Robert Mark Simpson (2013). Un-Ringing the Bell: Mcgowan on Oppressive Speech and The Asymmetric Pliability of Conversations. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):555-575.
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