David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 165 (1):53 - 75 (2008)
I discuss arguments about the relationship between different “levels” of explanation in the light of examples involving multi-scale analysis. I focus on arguments about causal competition between properties at different levels, such as Jaegwon Kim’s “supervenience argument.” A central feature of Kim’s argument is that higher-level properties can in general be identified with “micro-based” properties. I argue that explanations from multi-scale analysis give examples of explanations that are problematic for accounts such as Kim’s. I argue that these difficulties suggest that some standard assumptions about causal competition need to be revised.
|Keywords||Levels Reduction Multi-scale models Composition Physicalism|
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References found in this work BETA
Jaegwon Kim (2005). Physicalism, or Something Near Enough. Princeton University Press.
Jaegwon Kim (1998). Mind in a Physical World: An Essay on the Mind-Body Problem and Mental Causation. MIT Press.
Nancy Cartwright (1983). How the Laws of Physics Lie. Oxford University Press.
Jaegwon Kim (2003). Blocking Causal Drainage and Other Maintenance Chores with Mental Causation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (1):151-176.
Ned Block (2003). Do Causal Powers Drain Away. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (1):133-150.
Citations of this work BETA
Dwayne Moore (2010). The Generalization Problem and the Identity Solution. Erkenntnis 72 (1):57 - 72.
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