Race-Specific Perceptual Discrimination Improvement Following Short Individuation Training With Faces
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Cognitive Science 35 (2):330-347 (2011)
This study explores the effect of individuation training on the acquisition of race-specific expertise. First, we investigated whether practice individuating other-race faces yields improvement in perceptual discrimination for novel faces of that race. Second, we asked whether there was similar improvement for novel faces of a different race for which participants received equal practice, but in an orthogonal task that did not require individuation. Caucasian participants were trained to individuate faces of one race (African American or Hispanic) and to make difficult eye-luminance judgments on faces of the other race. By equating these tasks we are able to rule out raw experience, visual attention, or performance/success-induced positivity as the critical factors that produce race-specific improvements. These results indicate that individuation practice is one mechanism through which cognitive, perceptual, and/or social processes promote growth of the own-race face recognition advantage
|Keywords||Own‐race advantage Face recognition Perceptual expertise|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
James W. Tanaka, Markus Kiefer & Cindy M. Bukach (2004). A Holistic Account of the Own-Race Effect in Face Recognition: Evidence From a Cross-Cultural Study. Cognition 93 (1):B1-B9.
Citations of this work BETA
Tamar Szabó Gendler (2011). On the Epistemic Costs of Implicit Bias. Philosophical Studies 156 (1):33-63.
Similar books and articles
M. O. Hardimon (2013). Race Concepts in Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (1):6-31.
Michael Root (2003). The Use of Race in Medicine as a Proxy for Genetic Differences. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1173-1183.
Alexandre Marcellesi (2013). Is Race a Cause? Philosophy of Science 80 (5):650-659.
Ivans Chou & Lucia M. Vaina (1995). Two-Dimensional Symmetric Form Discrimination: Fast Learning, but Notthat Fast. Synthese 104 (1):33 - 41.
Susan D. Cochran, Namdi W. Barnes & Vickie M. Mays, Race, Race-Based Discrimination, and Health Outcomes Among African Americans.
Velazco Y. Trianosky (forthcoming). Savages, Wild Men, and Monstrous Races: The Social Construction of Race in the Early Modern Era. In Peggy Zeglin Brand (ed.), Beauty Revisited. Indiana University Press.
Bruce R. Dain (2002). A Hideous Monster of the Mind: American Race Theory in the Early Republic. Harvard University Press.
Joshua Mugg (2013). What Are the Cognitive Costs of Racism? A Reply to Gendler. Philosophical Studies 166 (2):217-229.
Ron Sundstrom (2002). Race as a Human Kind. Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (1):91-115.
Paul C. Taylor (2004). Race: A Philosophical Introduction. Distributed in the Usa by Blackwell Pub..
Joshua Glasgow (2008). On the Methodology of the Race Debate: Conceptual Analysis and Racial Discourse. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):333–358.
Added to index2010-11-09
Total downloads11 ( #144,100 of 1,102,053 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #192,049 of 1,102,053 )
How can I increase my downloads?