David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Scottish Philosophy 9 (2):189-204 (2011)
This paper attempts to relax the tension between Adam Smith's claim that sympathy involves an evaluative act of imaginative projection and his claim that sympathy involves a non-evaluative act of imaginative identification. The first section locates the tension specifically in the two different ways Smith depicts the stance adopted by the sympathizer. The second section argues that we can relax this tension by finding an important role for a non-evaluative stance in Smith's normative account of moral evaluation. This solution protects the continuity in Smith's account of sympathy (cf. Griswold 1999: 99–103). Because of the particular way in which it renders intelligible the relationship between the evaluative and non-evaluative stances, this solution also emphasizes the importance that respect for the agent's conscience has in Smith's conception of an ideal moral judge (cf. Darwall 2004; 2006). The third section investigates a possible systematic basis for Smith's normative commitment to respectful moral judgment.
|Keywords||Smith Hume sympathy impartial spectator ethics conscience moral psychology|
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References found in this work BETA
Stephen L. Darwall (2006). The Second-Person Standpoint: Morality, Respect, and Accountability. Harvard University Press.
Adam Smith (1790/2006). The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Dover Publications.
Gilbert Harman (2000). Explaining Value and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
Robert M. Gordon (1996). Sympathy, Simulation, and the Impartial Spectator. In L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.), Ethics. MIT Press 727-742.
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