David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):381 – 399 (2006)
Schemas contribute to adaptation, filtering novelty though knowledge-expectancy structures, the residue of past contingencies and their consequences. Adaptation requires a balance between flexible, dynamic context-sensitivity and the cognitive efficiency that schemas afford in promoting persistent goal pursuit despite distraction. Affects can form and disrupt schemas. Transient affective experiences systematically alter selectivity of attentiveness to the directly experienced present environment, the internal environment, and to the stored experiences of memory. Enduring personal stylistic predispositions, like implicit motives and affective schemas, influence how experience is perceived, responded to, and integrated; they shape memory and influence present experiential patterns, individually and intersubjectively. Such systematic influences are potential sources of error in the study of memory if not mapped; so far, individual personality differences have just been a source of complication in the literature on emotion-congruent perception and memory. I synthesize what findings there are about how personality differences, emotions, and affects contribute to the structuring and integration of perceptions and memories both directly and by way of hot, affectively-anchored schemas. Case studies from experimental and personality psychology highlight a conception of personality and affective experience relevant to memory research and cognitive science.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Kenneth Burke (1969). A Grammar of Motives. Berkeley, University of California Press.
Sue Campbell (2006). Our Faithfulness to the Past: Reconstructing Memory Value. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):361 – 380.
Paul Ekman (1992). An Argument for Basic Emotions. Cognition and Emotion 6 (3):169-200.
Klaus Scherer, Elise Dan & Anders Flykt (2006). What Determines a Feeling's Position in Affective Space? A Case for Appraisal. Cognition and Emotion 20 (1):92-113.
Daniel A. Weinberger (1990). The Construct Validity of the Repressive Coping Style. In Jerome L. Singer (ed.), Repression and Dissociation. University of Chicago Press. 337--386.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Dorothea Debus (2007). Perspectives on the Past: A Study of the Spatial Perspectival Characteristics of Recollective Memories. Mind and Language 22 (2):173-206.
Dorothea Debus (2007). Being Emotional About the Past: On the Nature and Role of Past-Directed Emotions. Noûs 41 (4):758-779.
Peter Ayton, Alice Pott & Najat Elwakili (2007). Affective Forecasting: Why Can't People Predict Their Emotions? Thinking and Reasoning 13 (1):62 – 80.
Brian Levine (2000). Self-Regulation and Autonoetic Consciousness. In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
David J. Owens (1996). A Lockean Theory of Memory Experience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):319-32.
James T. Lamiell (1987). The Psychology of Personality: An Epistemological Inquiry. Columbia University Press.
Dorothea Debus (2008). Experiencing the Past: A Relational Account of Recollective Memory. Dialectica 62 (4):405-432.
Asad Nazir, Sibylle Enz, Mei Yii Lim, Ruth Aylett & Alison Cawsey (2009). Culture–Personality Based Affective Model. AI and Society 24 (3):281-293.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #75,618 of 1,099,862 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #303,846 of 1,099,862 )
How can I increase my downloads?