David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Ethics 12 (1):81 - 104 (2008)
According to liberal egalitarian morality, all human beings are one another's moral equals. Nonhuman animals, by contrast, are not considered to be our moral equals. This essay considers two challenges to the liberal egalitarian view. One is the ``separation problem,'' which is the challenge to identify a morally significant intrinsic difference between all human beings and all nonhuman animals. The other is the “equality problem,” which is to explain how all human beings can be morally equal when there are some human beings whose psychological capacities (and, in some cases, their psychological potentials as well) are no higher than those of certain nonhuman animals. The focus throughout is on the ethics of killing but the arguments are of broader relevance. The essay reaches a skeptical conclusion about our ability to meet these challenges.
|Keywords||animals, cognitive disability equality killing|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Thomas Douglas (2013). Human Enhancement and Supra-Personal Moral Status. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):473-497.
Jukka Varelius (2009). Minimally Conscious State and Human Dignity. Neuroethics 2 (1):35-50.
Carlos Soto (2013). Killing, Wrongness, and Equality. Philosophical Studies 164 (2):543-559.
Jukka Varelius (2011). Minimally Conscious State, Human Dignity, and the Significance of Species: A Reply to Kaczor. Neuroethics (Browse Results) 6 (1):85-95.
Olli-Pekka Vainio (2013). Objective Morality After Darwin (and Without God)? Heythrop Journal 54 (6):n/a-n/a.
Similar books and articles
Peter Miller (1983). Do Animal Have Interests Worthy of Our Moral Interest? Environmental Ethics 5 (4):319-333.
Evelyn Pluhar (1988). Is There a Morally Relevant Difference Between Human and Animal Nonpersons? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):59-68.
James Wilson (2007). Transhumanism and Moral Equality. Bioethics 21 (8):419–425.
Joshua D. Margolis (2004). Responsibility, Inconsistency, and the Paradoxes of Morality in Human Nature De Waal's Window Into Business Ethics. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2004:43-52.
George S. Cave (1982). Animals, Heidegger, and the Right to Life. Environmental Ethics 4 (3):249-254.
Paola Cavalieri (2001). The Animal Question: Why Nonhuman Animals Deserve Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
Kai Nielsen (1982). Grounding Rights and a Method of Reflective Equilibrium. Inquiry 25 (3):277 – 306.
Jeff McMahan (2005). “Our Fellow Creatures”. Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):353 - 380.
Jeff McMahan (2009). Radical Cognitive Limitation. In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oup Oxford.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads74 ( #17,342 of 1,096,391 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #58,553 of 1,096,391 )
How can I increase my downloads?