Indifference principle and anthropic principle in cosmology

Abstract
The successes scored by the big bang model of cosmic evolution in the 1960’s led to an intensive application of quantum theory to the problem of how the expansion might have begun and what its likely first stages were. It seemed as though an incredibly precise setting of the initial conditions would have been needed in order that a long-lived galactic universe containing heavy elements might develop. One response was to suppose that the fine-tuning could somehow be explained by the presence of humans in the universe. This ran quite counter to the traditional supposition, according to which an initial "chaos" was sufficient. This essay outlines the history of the two principles, argues that the so-called "weak" anthropic principle is banal, distinguishes between two sorts of anthropic explanation, and assesses the prospects of the anthropic turn in cosmology. (edited)
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References found in this work BETA
John Leslie (1982). Anthropic Principle, World Ensemble, Design. American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (2):141 - 151.
Ernan McMullin (1968). Cosmic Order in Plato and Aristotle. In Paul Grimley Kuntz (ed.), The Concept of Order. Seattle, Published for Grinnell College by the University of Washington Press. 63--76.
Ernan McMullin (1988). Natural Science and Belief in a Creator: Historical Notes. In Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger & George V. Coyne (eds.), Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for Understanding. University of Notre Dame Press [Distributor]. 49--79.
Citations of this work BETA
Chris McClellan (2001). The Legacy of Georges Cuvier in Auguste Comte's Natural Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (1):1-29.
Jeremy Butterfield (forthcoming). On Under-Determination in Cosmology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
Similar books and articles
Frank J. Tipler (1988). The Anthropic Principle: A Primer for Philosophers. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:27 - 48.
S. Roush (2003). Copernicus, Kant, and the Anthropic Cosmological Principles. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (1):5-35.
John Leslie (1986). Anthropic Explanations in Cosmology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:87 - 95.
Patrick A. Wilson (1994). Carter on Anthropic Principle Predictions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):241-253.
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