David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):353 - 380 (2005)
This paper defends “moral individualism” against various arguments that have been intended to show that membership in the human species or participation in our distinctively human form of life is a sufficient basis for a moral status higher than that of any animal. Among the arguments criticized are the “nature-of-the-kind argument,” which claims that it is the nature of all human beings to have certain higher psychological capacities, even if, contingently, some human beings lack them, and various versions of the idea that there is a special form of life that all human beings share but of which no animal can be a full participant. The paper concludes that none of these arguments succeeds in demonstrating that there are moral reasons to permit animals to be treated less well than members of our own species whose psychological capacities and potential are no higher than those of the animals.
|Keywords||animals cognitive disability common humanity Cora Diamond ethics George Pitcher James Rachels moral individualism Raimond Gaita Stephen Mulhall|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Rebecca L. Walker (2006). Human and Animal Subjects of Research: The Moral Significance of Respect Versus Welfare. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):305-331.
L. E. E. Patrick & Robert P. George (2008). The Nature and Basis of Human Dignity. Ratio Juris 21 (2):173-193.
Jeff McMahan (2009). Radical Cognitive Limitation. In Kimberley Brownlee & Adam Cureton (eds.), Disability and Disadvantage. Oup Oxford.
Evelyn Pluhar (1988). Is There a Morally Relevant Difference Between Human and Animal Nonpersons? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):59-68.
Dr Fainos Mangena, Beings of a Life-Span Are Equal: Rebutting Singer's Sentience and Naess' Deep Ecology Criteria for Moral Standing.
S. F. Sapontzis (1988). On Justifying the Exploitation of Animals in Research. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (2):177-196.
Timothy M. Costelloe (2003). The Invisibility of Evil: Moral Progress and the 'Animal Holocaust'. Philosophical Papers 32 (2):109-131.
S. Matthew Liao (2010). The Basis of Human Moral Status. Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (2):159-179.
Roger Wertheimer (2007). The Relevance of Speciesism to Life Sciences Practices. In Fred Adams (ed.), Ethics and the Life Sciences. Philosophy Document Center. 27-38.
Jeff McMahan (2008). Challenges to Human Equality. Journal of Ethics 12 (1):81 - 104.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads143 ( #7,126 of 1,413,285 )
Recent downloads (6 months)16 ( #13,476 of 1,413,285 )
How can I increase my downloads?