David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 72 (1):27 - 39 (2007)
The factor structure of the Multidimensional Ethics Scale (MES; Reidenbach and Robin: 1988, Journal of Business Ethics 7, 871–879; 1990, Journal of Business Ethics 9, 639–653) was examined for the 8-item short form (N = 328) and the original 30-item pool (N = 260). The objectives of the study were: to verify the dimensionality of the MES; to increase the amount of true cross-scenario variance through the use of 18 scenarios varying in moral intensity (Jones: 1991, Academy of Management Review 16, 366–395); and, to examine the items for measurement precision using item-response theory (IRT) methods. Results of confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis failed to conclusively support the hypothesized 3- (short form) or 5-factor (long form) structure; both instruments were instead dominated by a general factor. Item response theory analyses using Samejima’s (1969, Psychometrika Monograph Supplement 34, (4, Pt. 2)) graded response model revealed that many items in the 30-item pool performed very well, and suggested that a different collection of items be used to form a short-form version of the MES. Our proposed 10-item instrument includes more discriminating items than the 8-item version, and has the added advantage of including two items from each of the five ethical philosophies represented in the original 30-item pool.
|Keywords||ethical decision-making ethical judgment factor analysis multidimensional ethics scale|
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Johanna Kujala, Anna-Maija Lämsä & Katriina Penttilä (2011). Managers' Moral Decision-Making Patterns Over Time: A Multidimensional Approach. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):191 - 207.
Eileen Z. Taylor & Mary B. Curtis (2010). An Examination of the Layers of Workplace Influences in Ethical Judgments: Whistleblowing Likelihood and Perseverance in Public Accounting. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 93 (1):21 - 37.
Peter E. Mudrack, James M. Bloodgood & William H. Turnley (2012). Some Ethical Implications of Individual Competitiveness. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (3):347-359.
Nhung T. Nguyen & Michael D. Biderman (2008). Studying Ethical Judgments and Behavioral Intentions Using Structural Equations: Evidence From the Multidimensional Ethics Scale. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):627 - 640.
Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason (2013). Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.
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