European Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):575-597 (2012)
|Abstract||Abstract: Some propose that the question of how you know that James is angry can be adequately answered with the claim that you see that James is angry. Call this the Perceptual Hypothesis. Here, I examine that hypothesis. I argue that there are two different ways in which the Perceptual Hypothesis could be made true. You might see that James is angry by seeing his bodily features. Alternatively, you might see that James is angry by seeing his anger. If you see that James is angry in the first way, your knowledge is inferential. If you see that James is angry in the second way, your knowledge is not inferential. These are different ways of knowing that James is angry. So the Perceptual Hypothesis alone does not adequately answer the question of how you know that fact. To ascertain how you know it, we need to decide whether or not you saw his anger. This is an epistemological argument. But it has consequences for a theory of perception. It implies that there is a determinate fact about which features of an object you see. This fact is made true independently of what you come to know by seeing. In the final section of the paper, I seek to undermine various ways in which the claim that you see James' anger may be thought implausible|
|Keywords||other minds perception knowledge epistemic seeing non-epistemic seeing Dretske anger seeing cassam inference|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Douglas James McDermid (2001). What is Direct Perceptual Knowledge? A Fivefold Confusion. Grazer Philosophische Studien 62 (1):1-16.
Michael Tye (2008). The Experience of Emotion: An Intentionalist Theory. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 62:25--50.
A. D. Smith (2001). Perception and Belief. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):283-309.
Anna Stone & Tim Valentine (2007). Angry and Happy Faces Perceived Without Awareness: A Comparison with the Affective Impact of Masked Famous Faces. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 19 (2):161-186.
Stephen R. Leighton (1988). On Feeling Angry and Elated. Journal of Philosophy 85 (May):253-264.
William Fish (2005). Emotions, Moods, and Intentionality. In Intentionality: Past and Future (Value Inquiry Book Series, Volume 173). Rodopi NY.
Peter Vernezze (2008). Moderation or the Middle Way: Two Approaches to Anger. Philosophy East and West 58 (1):2-16.
Patricia White (2012). Making Political Anger Possible: A Task for Civic Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (1):1-13.
William E. S. McNeill (2012). Embodiment and the Perceptual Hypothesis. Philosophical Quarterly 62 (247):n/a-n/a.
Added to index2010-04-22
Total downloads150 ( #2,557 of 549,010 )
Recent downloads (6 months)22 ( #2,377 of 549,010 )
How can I increase my downloads?