David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (6):655-680 (2003)
This paper uses the conceptual apparatus of Wittgenstein’s later philosophy to tackle a foundational issue in the philosophical literature on group identity, namely, the problem of difference. This problem suggests that any appeal to a collective identity is oppressive because it imposes a shared identity on the members of a group and suppresses the internal differences of the group. I develop a Wittgensteinian view of identity that dissolves this problem by showing the conceptual confusions on which it rests. My Wittgensteinian view of identity tries to establish two main theses: first, that identity is bound up with difference and presupposes heterogeneity; and second, that the solidarity of identity groups, far from being obstructed by differences, actually requires diversity. Drawing from gender and sexuality studies, I use the mechanism of disidentification to show how there can be shared identities and identity-based solidarity without the erasure of differences. Key Words: community • difference • ethnicity • familial view • gender • identity • race • sexuality • solidarity • Wittgenstein.
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Ann Garry (2011). Intersectionality, Metaphors, and the Multiplicity of Gender. Hypatia 26 (4):826-850.
Jose Medina (2004). In Defense of Pragmatic Contextualism: Wittgenstein and Dewey on Meaning and Agreement. Philosophical Forum 35 (3):341–369.
José Medina (2010). Wittgenstein as a Rebel: Dissidence and Contestation in Discursive Practices. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (1):1 – 29.
Jose Medina (2004). Pragmatism and Ethnicity: Critique, Reconstruction, and the New Hispanic. Metaphilosophy 35 (1-2):115-146.
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