David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Public Health Ethics 5 (3):263-282 (2012)
Given current constraints on universal treatment campaigns, recent advances in public health prevention initiatives have revitalized efforts to stem the tide of HIV transmission. Yet, despite a growing imperative for prevention—supported by the promise of behavioral, structural and biomedical approaches to lower the incidence of HIV—human rights frameworks remain limited in addressing collective prevention policy through global health governance. Assessing the evolution of rights-based approaches to global HIV/AIDS policy, this review finds that human rights have shifted from collective public health to individual treatment access. While the advent of the HIV/AIDS pandemic gave meaning to rights in framing global health policy, the application of rights in treatment access litigation came at the expense of public health prevention efforts. Where the human rights framework remains limited to individual rights enforced against a state duty bearer, such rights have faced constrained application in framing population-level policy to realize the public good of HIV prevention. Concluding that human rights frameworks must be developed to reflect the complementarity of individual treatment and collective prevention, this article conceptualizes collective rights to public health, structuring collective combination prevention to alleviate limitations on individual rights frameworks and frame rights-based global HIV/AIDS policy to assure research expansion, prevention access and health system integration
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Jonny Anomaly (2011). Public Health and Public Goods. Public Health Ethics 4 (3):251-259.
Dan E. Beauchamp (1985). Community: The Neglected Tradition of Public Health. Hastings Center Report 15 (6):28-36.
William J. Curran, Mary E. Clark & Larry Gostin (1987). AIDS: Legal and Policy Implications of the Application of Traditional Disease Control Measures. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 15 (1-2):27-35.
L. London, A. Kagee, K. Moodley & L. Swartz (2012). Ethics, Human Rights and HIV Vaccine Trials in Low-Income Settings. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):286-293.
Leslie London (2002). Human Rights and Public Health: Dichotomies or Synergies in Developing Countries? Examining the Case of HIV in South Africa. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (4):677-691.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Leslie London, Phyllis J. Orner & Landon Myer (2008). 'Even If You're Positive, You Still Have Rights Because You Are a Person': Human Rights and the Reproductive Choice of Hiv-Positive Persons. Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):11-22.
S. Philpott, K. West Slevin, K. Shapiro & L. Heise (2010). Impact of Donor-Imposed Requirements and Restrictions on Standards of Prevention and Access to Care and Treatment in HIV Prevention Trials. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):220-228.
Yanguang Wang (2000). A Strategy of Clinical Tolerance for the Prevention of Hiv and Aids in China. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (1):48 – 61.
Audrey R. Chapman (2009). Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health. Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
Cynthia Eyakuze, Debra A. Jones, Ann M. Starrs & Naomi Sorkin (2008). From Pmtct to a More Comprehensive Aids Response for Women: A Much-Needed Shift. Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):33–42.
Joseph-Matthew Mfutso-Bengo, Eva-Maria Mfutso-Bengo & Francis Masiye (2008). Ethical Aspects of Hiv/Aids Prevention Strategies and Control in Malawi. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (5):349-356.
R. Bayer (2010). Mass Testing and Mass Treatment for Epidemic HIV: The Ethics of Medical Research is No Guide. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):301-302.
Sofia Gruskin, Shahira Ahmed & Laura Ferguson (2008). Provider-Initiated Hiv Testing and Counseling in Health Facilities – What Does This Mean for the Health and Human Rights of Pregnant Women? Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):23–32.
Rida Usman Khalafzai (2009). Public Health and Human Rights. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (3):4.
Gwendolyn Roberts Majette (2011). PPACA and Public Health: Creating a Framework to Focus on Prevention and Wellness and Improve the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):366-379.
Stuart Rennie & Bavon Mupenda (2008). Ethics of Mandatory Premarital Hiv Testing in Africa: The Case of Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):126-137.
Solomon R. Benatar (2002). The HIV/aIDS Pandemic: A Sign of Instability in a Complex Global System. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (2):163 – 177.
A. E. Denburg (2010). Global Child Health Ethics: Testing the Limits of Moral Communities. Public Health Ethics 3 (3):239-258.
Stephanie Nixon & Lisa Forman, Exploring the Synergies Between Human Rights and Public Health Ethics: A Whole Greater Than the Sum of its Parts.
Lawrence O. Gostin (2002). Rights and Duties of HIV Infected Health Care Professionals. Health Care Analysis 10 (1):67-85.
Added to index2012-12-07
Total downloads8 ( #195,719 of 1,679,362 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #60,351 of 1,679,362 )
How can I increase my downloads?