David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 182 (2):269-295 (2011)
It is almost universally acknowledged that first-order logic (FOL), with its clean, well-understood syntax and semantics, allows for the clear expression of philosophical arguments and ideas. Indeed, an argument or philosophical theory rendered in FOL is perhaps the cleanest example there is of “representing philosophy”. A number of prominent syntactic and semantic properties of FOL reflect metaphysical presuppositions that stem from its Fregean origins, particularly the idea of an inviolable divide between concept and object. These presuppositions, taken at face value, reflect a significant metaphysical viewpoint, one that can in fact hinder or prejudice the representation of philosophical ideas and arguments. Philosophers have of course noticed this and have, accordingly, sought to alter or extend traditional FOL in novel ways to reflect a more flexible and egalitarian metaphysical standpoint. The purpose of this paper, however, is to document and discuss how similar “adaptations” to FOL—culminating in a standardized framework known as Common Logic —have evolved out of the more practical and applied encounter of FOL with the problem of representing, sharing, and reasoning upon information on the World Wide Web.
|Keywords||first-order logic World Wide Web knowledge representation|
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Citations of this work BETA
Pawel Garbacz (2015). Conceptual Frames Revisited. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 25 (4):287-307.
Alexandre Monnin & Harry Halpin (2012). Toward a Philosophy of The Web. Metaphilosophy 43 (4):361-379.
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Edward N. Zalta (1995). Philosophy and the World Wide Web. American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Computer Use in Philosophy 94 (2):29-33.
Harry Halpin (2011). Sense and Reference on the Web. Minds and Machines 21 (2):153-178.
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