David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The distinction between reference ontologies and application ontologies crept rather unobtrusively into the recent literature on knowledge engineering. A lot of the discourse surrounding this distinction – notably, the one framing the workshop generating this collection of papers – suggests the two types of ontologies are in some sort of opposition to one another. Thus, Borge et al.  characterize reference ontologies (more recently, foundational ontologies) as rich, axiomatic theories whose focus is to clarify the intended meanings of terms used in speciﬁc domains. Application ontologies, by contrast, provide a minimal terminological structure to ﬁt the needs of a speciﬁc community. Reﬂecting their minimal nature, Masolo et al.  refer to such ontologies as “lightweight” ontologies. An application ontology can be lightweight in a second respect as well, namely, that it may not necessarily take the form of fully-ﬂedged axiomatic theory. Rather, it might only be a taxonomy of the relevant domain, a division of the domain into a salient collection of classes, perhaps ordered by the subclass relation. Importantly, though, for an application ontology to “ﬁt the needs of a speciﬁc community” needn’t require representational accuracy. In the “worst” case (from a reference ontology perspective), to ﬁt the needs of a community is just to represent uncritically what people in that community think about the ontology’s domain.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Gary H. Merrill (2010). Realism and Reference Ontologies: Considerations, Reflections, and Problems. Applied Ontology 5 (3-4):189-221.
Barbara Heller & Heinrich Herre (2004). Ontological Categories in GOL. Axiomathes 14 (1-3):57-76.
Sylvie Despres & Sylvie Szulman (2007). Merging of Legal Micro-Ontologies From European Directives. Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (2):187-200.
Pepijn R. S. Visser & Trevor J. M. Bench-Capon (1998). A Comparison of Four Ontologies for the Design of Legal Knowledge Systems. Artificial Intelligence and Law 6 (1):27-57.
Barry Smith (2004). Beyond Concepts: Ontology as Reality Representation. In Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS).
Daniel L. Rubin (2012). Finding the Meaning in Images: Annotation and Image Markup. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):311-318.
Anand Kumar & Barry Smith (2003). The Unified Medical Language System and the Gene Ontology: Some Critical Reflections. In KI 2003: Advances in Artificial Intelligence.
Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith (2004). Normalizing Medical Ontologies Using Basic Formal Ontology. In Proceedings of GMDS 2004.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads16 ( #164,110 of 1,725,477 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #93,199 of 1,725,477 )
How can I increase my downloads?