David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Environmental Ethics 12 (1):45-68 (1990)
l examine three approaches to environmental ethics and illustrate them with examples from California. An egocentric ethic is grounded in the self and based on the assumption that what is good for the individual is good for society. Historically associated with laissez faire capitalism and a religious ethic of human dominion over nature, this approach is exemplified by the extraction of natural resources from the commons by private interests. A homocentric ethic is grounded in society and is based on the assumption that policies should reflect the greatest good for the greatest number of people and that, as stewards of the natural world, humans should conserve and protect nature for human benefit. Historically associated with govemment regulation of the private sector, a homocentric approach can be illustrated by federal, state, and local environmental agencies charged with protecting the welfare of the general public. An ecocentric ethic is grounded in the cosmos, or whole environment, and isbased on the assignment of intrinsic value to nonhuman nature. Exemplified by ecologically based sciences and process-oriented philosophies, an ecocentric approach often underlies the political positions of environmentalists. This threefold taxonomy may be useful in identifying underlying ethical assumptions in cases where ethical dilemmas and conflicts of interest develop among entrepreneurs, govemment agencies, and environmentalists
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ted Preston (2004). Environmental Values, Pluralism, and Stability. Ethics, Place and Environment 7 (1 & 2):73 – 83.
Robert Hull (2005). All About EVE: A Report on Environmental Virtue Ethics Today. Ethics and the Environment 10 (1):89-110.
Steven Keffer, Sallie King & and Steven Kraft (1991). Process Philosophy and Minimalism: Implications for Public Policy. Environmental Ethics 13 (1):23-47.
Don E. Marietta Jr (1979). The Interrelationship of Ecological Science and Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 1 (3):195-207.
Janna Thompson (1990). A Refutation of Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 12 (2):147-160.
Steven Kraft (1991). Process Philosophy and Minimalism: Implications for Public Policy. Environmental Ethics 13 (1):23-47.
Peter Reed (1989). Man Apart: An Alternative to the Self-Realization Approach. Environmental Ethics 11 (1):53-69.
Peter Reed (1989). Man Apart. Environmental Ethics 11 (1):53-69.
Michael P. Nelson (1993). A Defense of Environmental Ethics: A Reply to Janna Thompson. Environmental Ethics 15 (3):245-257.
Eric Katz (1987). Searching for Intrinsic Value: Pragmatism and Despair in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 9 (3):231-241.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads9 ( #147,458 of 1,096,337 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #130,630 of 1,096,337 )
How can I increase my downloads?