David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Applied Ontology 5 (2):79-108 (2010)
In a series of papers over a period of several years Barry Smith andWerner Ceusters have offered a number of cogent criticisms of historical approaches to creating, maintaining, and applying biomedical terminologies and ontologies. And they have urged the adoption of what they refer to as a “realism-based” approach. Indeed, at times they insist that the realism-based approach not only offers clear advantages and a well-founded methodological basis for ontology development and evaluation, but that such a realist perspective is in fact necessary for understanding and using terminologies and ontologies in science. This paper explores a number of questions surrounding such claims, provides a careful characterization of the type of realism recommended by Smith and Ceusters, and evaluates the role that realism plays in the critiques and recommendations that they offer. The conclusion reached is that while Smith’s and Ceusters’ criticisms of prior practice in the treatment of ontologies and terminologies in medical informatics are often both perceptive and well founded, and while at least some of their own proposals demonstrate obvious merit and promise, none of this either follows from or requires the brand of realism that they propose.
|Keywords||Ontology realism informatics empiricism universals|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Gary H. Merrill (2011). Ontology, Ontologies, and Science. Topoi (1):71-83.
Similar books and articles
Catherine Legg (2001). Predication and the Problem of Universals. Philosophical Papers 30 (2):117-143.
Sam Mitchell (1988). Constructive Empiricism and Anti-Realism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:174 - 180.
Christian Miller (2009). The Conditions of Moral Realism. Journal of Philosophical Research 34:123-155.
Justin Cruickshank (2003). Realism and Sociology: Anti-Foundationalism, Ontology, and Social Research. Routledge.
Charles Landesman (1971). The Problem of Universals. New York,Basic Books.
David Wallace & Christopher Gordon Timpson (2010). Quantum Mechanics on Spacetime I: Spacetime State Realism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (4):697-727.
Juha Saatsi (2009). Whence Ontological Structural Realism? In M. Suarez (ed.), EPSA Epistemology and Methodology of Science. Springer.
Penelope Maddy (1995). Naturalism and Ontology. Philosophia Mathematica 3 (3):248-270.
Barry Smith & Werner Ceusters (2010). Ontological Realism: A Methodology for Coordinated Evolution of Scientiﬁc Ontologies. Applied Ontology 5 (3):139-188.
Gary H. Merrill (2010). Realism and Reference Ontologies: Considerations, Reflections, and Problems. Applied Ontology 5 (3-4):189-221.
Added to index2010-07-22
Total downloads70 ( #20,793 of 1,102,763 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,777 of 1,102,763 )
How can I increase my downloads?