David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (1):61-78 (1994)
Scientific developments of the last 20 years have made the transplantation of cadaveric solid organs a viable and expected treatment alternative for patients suffering from various forms of End Stage Organ Disease. Of the number of organs that could be utilized for this, only a small percentage of them are actually made available. North American legislation explicitly categorizes the transfer of cadaveric organs as an anatomical or tissue "gift". The concept of the gift is mediated by transculturally consistent unwritten, but powerfully felt, rules of conduct. Among the most profound elements of the concept is the obligatory gift-exchange which is central to the gift-relationship . Obviously, neither of these are permitted by the organ transplant scenario. As a result, dissonance is created within the thought process of the individual which cannot be easily resolved, paralyzing many into inaction. We maintain that the present legal framework, designed to facilitate the transfer of organs, clashes with the human phenomenon of giving , and may actually prevent organs from being made available. In a search for a solution to this gift-relationship dilemma, giving organs is contrasted with taking organs as a basis upon which to ground ethically sound public policy. Liberty-limiting principles and the concept of harm are considered within this context. Keywords: ethics, organ transplantation, procurement, gift, public policy CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jeffrey P. Kahn (2003). Three Views of Organ Procurement Policy: Moving Ahead or Giving Up? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (1):45-50.
David Hershenov (2009). Why Consent May Not Be Needed for Organ Procurement. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):3 - 10.
Michael B. Gill (2004). Presumed Consent, Autonomy, and Organ Donation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):37 – 59.
Josie Fisher (1999). An Expedient and Ethical Alternative to Xenotransplantation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (1):31-39.
André Krom (2005). Earning Points for Moral Behavior. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):73-83.
Dominic Wilkinson & Julian Savulescu (2012). Should We Allow Organ Donation Euthanasia? Alternatives for Maximizing the Number and Quality of Organs for Transplantation. Bioethics 26 (1):32-48.
Thomas A. Shannon (2001). The Kindness of Strangers: Organ Transplantation in a Capitalist Age. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (3):285-303.
Patricia A. Marshall, David C. Thomasma & Abdallah S. Daar (1996). Marketing Human Organs: The Autonomy Paradox. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
Fredrik Svenaeus (2010). The Body as Gift, Resource or Commodity? Heidegger and the Ethics of Organ Transplantation. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 7 (2):163-172.
Aaron Spital (2003). Conscription of Cadaveric Organs for Transplantation: Neglected Again. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):169-174.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads13 ( #179,414 of 1,700,363 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #362,609 of 1,700,363 )
How can I increase my downloads?