David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Developing World Bioethics 10 (1):49-58 (2010)
The field of bioethics is replete with applications of moral theories such as utilitarianism and Kantianism. For a given dilemma, even if it is not clear how one of these western philosophical principles of right (and wrong) action would resolve it, one can identify many of the considerations that each would conclude is relevant. The field is, in contrast, largely unaware of an African account of what all right (and wrong) actions have in common and of the sorts of factors that for it are germane to developing a sound response to a given bioethical problem. My aim is to help rectify this deficiency by first spelling out a moral theory grounded in the mores of many sub-Saharan peoples, and then applying it to some major bioethical issues, namely, the point of medical treatment, free and informed consent, standards of care and animal experimentation. For each of these four issues, I compare and contrast the implications of the African moral theory with utilitarianism and Kantianism, my overall purposes being to highlight respects in which the African moral theory is distinct and to demonstrate that the field should take it at least as seriously as it does the Western theories.
|Keywords||special obligations health priorities sub‐Saharan Africa clinical trials animal experimentation informed consent|
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Citations of this work BETA
Thaddeus Metz (2012). An African Theory of Moral Status: A Relational Alternative to Individualism and Holism. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):387-402.
Andoh Cletus T. (2011). Bioethics and the Challenges to Its Growth in Africa. Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):67.
Olga Zvonareva, Nora Engel, Eleanor Ross, Ron Berghmans, Ames Dhai & Anja Krumeich (2015). Engaging Diverse Social and Cultural Worlds: Perspectives on Benefits in International Clinical Research From South African Communities. Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):8-17.
Cynthia Griggins, Christian Simon, Frederick Nakwagala & Rebecca Pentz (2011). Bioethics Training in Uganda: Report on Research and Clinical Ethics Workshops. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 23 (1):43-56.
Seeiso J. Koali (2015). Organ Transplant Trade: A Moral Examination. Open Journal of Philosophy 5 (5):261-267.
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