David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Human Rights Review 13 (1):19-37 (2012)
I seek to advance enquiry into the philosophical question of in virtue of what human beings have a dignity of the sort that grounds human rights. I first draw on values salient in sub-Saharan African moral thought to construct two theoretically promising conceptions of human dignity, one grounded on vitality, or liveliness, and the other on our communal nature. I then argue that the vitality conception cannot account for several human rights that we intuitively have, while the community conception can do so. I conclude that, of plausible theories of human dignity with an African pedigree, the field ought to favour a community-based view and critically compare it in future work with the Kantian, autonomy-based view that dominates Western thinking about dignity.
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References found in this work BETA
H. L. A. Hart (1994). The Concept of Law. Oxford University Press.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Immanuel Kant (1785/2002). Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Oxford University Press.
Leon Kass (2002). Life, Liberty, and the Defense of Dignity: The Challenge for Bioethics. Encounter Books.
Citations of this work BETA
Jean Burke, Theresa J. Kaijage & Johannes John-Langba (2014). Media Analysis of Albino Killings in Tanzania: A Social Work and Human Rights Perspective. Ethics and Social Welfare 8 (2):117-134.
Oritsegbubemi Anthony Oyowe (2014). An African Conception of Human Rights? Comments on the Challenges of Relativism. Human Rights Review 15 (3):329-347.
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