David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):277-301 (2002)
Scanlon takes contractualism to be more than a mere device of representation. Whereas many others deem the imaginary consensus among a group of parties simply to indicate the features making an act wrong, Scanlon takes the hypothetical agreement to constitute the property of wrongness itself. In this article, I consider whether this development is justified. My thesis is that it is not. I defend this thesis by critically exploring the explanatory power of Scanlon's contractualism, considering the degree to which it explains some firm intuitions about wrongness, particularly about how to treat animals. I develop an alternative account of the property in virtue of which actions are wrong, an account that retains the notion of unreasonableness but rejects the contractualist framework. Specifically, I maintain (roughly) that the property of treating another unreasonably better explains what makes an act wrong than does the property of it being prohibited by principles that contractors with an ideal motivation could not reasonably reject.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jussi Suikkanen (2005). Contractualist Replies to the Redundancy Objections. Theoria 71 (1):38-58.
Similar books and articles
R. Sala (2013). The Place of Unreasonable People Beyond Rawls. European Journal of Political Theory 12 (3):253-270.
Nicholas Southwood (2009). Moral Contractualism. Philosophy Compass 4 (6):926-937.
Christopher McMahon (2009). Reasonable Disagreement: A Theory of Political Morality. Cambridge University Press.
James Boettcher (2004). What is Reasonableness? Philosophy and Social Criticism 30 (5-6):597-621.
Ulrike Heuer (2010). Wrongness and Reasons. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):137 - 152.
Gerald Doppelt (2009). The Place of Self-Respect in a Theory of Justice. Inquiry 52 (2):127 – 154.
Gerald Gaus (2008). Reasonable Utility Functions and Playing the Cooperative Way. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (2):215-234.
Robert Heeger (2005). Reasonable Partiality to Domestic Animals. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):123 - 139.
Hallvard Lillehammer (2004). Moral Error Theory. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):93–109.
Alice MacLachlan (2010). Unreasonable Resentments. Journal of Social Philosophy 41 (4):422-441.
Derek Parfit (2003). Justifiability to Each Person. Ratio 16 (4):368–390.
Sarah Broadie (2002). Alternative World-Histories. Philosophical Papers 31 (2):117-143.
David McNaughton & Piers Rawling (2003). Can Scanlon Avoid Redundancy by Passing the Buck? Analysis 63 (4):328–331.
Shaun P. Young (2001). Divide and Conquer: Separating the Reasonable From the Unreasonable. Journal of Social Philosophy 32 (1):53–69.
John Manchak (2011). What Is a Physically Reasonable Space-Time? Philosophy of Science 78 (3):410-420.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads17 ( #160,237 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #99,332 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?