Health as freedom: Addressing social determinants of global health inequities through the human right to development
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Bioethics 23 (2):112-122 (2009)
In spite of vast global improvements in living standards, health, and well-being, the persistence of absolute poverty and its attendant maladies remains an unsettling fact of life for billions around the world and constitutes the primary cause for the failure of developing states to improve the health of their peoples. While economic development in developing countries is necessary to provide for underlying determinants of health – most prominently, poverty reduction and the building of comprehensive primary health systems – inequalities in power within the international economic order and the spread of neoliberal development policy limit the ability of developing states to develop economically and realize public goods for health. With neoliberal development policies impacting entire societies, the collective right to development, as compared with an individual rights-based approach to development, offers a framework by which to restructure this system to realize social determinants of health. The right to development, working through a vector of rights, can address social determinants of health, obligating states and the international community to support public health systems while reducing inequities in health through poverty-reducing economic growth. At an international level, where the ability of states to develop economically and to realize public goods through public health systems is constrained by international financial institutions, the implementation of the right to development enables a restructuring of international institutions and foreign-aid programs, allowing states to enter development debates with a right to cooperation from other states, not simply a cry for charity.
|Keywords||neoliberal development policy right to development right to health human rights globalization social determinants of health|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mark Heywood & John Shija (2010). A Global Framework Convention on Health: Would It Help Developing Countries to Fulfil Their Duties on the Right to Health? A South African Perspective. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (3):640-646.
Stefano Semplici (2011). The Importance of 'Social Responsibility' in the Promotion of Health. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (4):355-363.
Ole Frithjof Norheim (2009). Implementing the Marmot Commission's Recommendations: Social Justice Requires a Solution to the Equity–Efficiency Trade-Off. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):53-58.
Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff (2013). Linking International Research to Global Health Equity: The Limited Contribution of Bioethics. Bioethics 27 (4):208-214.
Gwendolyn Roberts Majette (2011). PPACA and Public Health: Creating a Framework to Focus on Prevention and Wellness and Improve the Public's Health. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (3):366-379.
Stephanie Nixon & Lisa Forman, Exploring the Synergies Between Human Rights and Public Health Ethics: A Whole Greater Than the Sum of its Parts.
Ruth Bell, Sebastian Taylor & Michael Marmot (2010). Global Health Governance: Commission on Social Determinants of Health and the Imperative for Change. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (3):470-485.
Laura Anderko (2010). Achieving Health Equity on a Global Scale Through a Community-Based, Public Health Framework for Action. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 38 (3):486-489.
Audrey R. Chapman (2009). Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health. Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads34 ( #112,825 of 1,790,117 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #168,308 of 1,790,117 )
How can I increase my downloads?