The human condition and the gift: Towards a theoretical perspective on close relationships [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Human Studies 31 (2):133 - 155 (2008)
Hannah Arendt’s exposition of the human condition provides the basic framework for a theoretical perspective on close relationships. According to Arendt, the human condition is comprised of three modes of activity: labor, work, and action. Labor is need-driven behavior, work concerns goal-directed activity and the fabrication of things, and action involves the mutual validation of unique individuals. Within this framework, the gift is the means by which relational ties are made concrete. I propose a model of gift-giving organized by two axes: whether or not the partner is singularized by the gift and whether or not the gift is given with an expectation of a return gift. I then apply this model to the three modes of the human condition.
|Keywords||Existential anxiety Gift Hannah Arendt Human condition Ontological security|
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References found in this work BETA
Tracy B. Strong (1991). Modernity and Self-Identity Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Hannah Arendt & Margaret Canovan (1998). The Human Condition: Second Edition. University of Chicago Press.
Jürgen Habermas (1991). The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry Into a Category of Bourgeois Society. The MIT Press.
Max Weber, Talcott Parsons & R. H. Tawney (1930). The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Charles Scribnerr's Sons.
Hannah Arendt (2003). Responsibility and Judgment. Schocken Books.
Citations of this work BETA
Sandrine Frémeaux & Grant Michelson (2011). 'No Strings Attached': Welcoming the Existential Gift in Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (1):63 - 75.
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