David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 190 (12):2429-2456 (2013)
The incorporation of post-event testimonial information into an agent’s memory representation of the event via constructive memory processes gives rise to the misinformation effect, in which the incorporation of inaccurate testimonial information results in the formation of a false memory belief. While psychological research has focussed primarily on the incorporation of inaccurate information, the incorporation of accurate information raises a particularly interesting epistemological question: do the resulting memory beliefs qualify as knowledge? It is intuitively plausible that they do not, for they appear to be only luckily true. I argue, however, that, despite its intuitive plausibility, this view is mistaken: once we adopt an adequate (modal) conception of epistemic luck and an adequate (adaptive) general approach to memory, it becomes clear that memory beliefs resulting from the incorporation of accurate testimonial information are not in general luckily true. I conclude by sketching some implications of this argument for the psychology of memory, suggesting that the misinformation effect would better be investigated in the context of a broader “information effect”.
|Keywords||Memory Eyewitness memory Constructive memory Testimony Epistemic luck Misinformation effect social epistemology epistemology of memory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Gilbert Ryle (1949/2002). The Concept of Mind. Hutchinson and Co.
Duncan Pritchard (2005). Epistemic Luck. Clarendon Press.
Thomas Suddendorf & Michael C. Corballis (2007). The Evolution of Foresight: What is Mental Time Travel, and is It Unique to Humans? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):299-313.
Citations of this work BETA
Nazim Keven (forthcoming). Events, Narratives and Memory. Synthese:1-21.
Nicholas Silins (2016). Cognitive Penetration and the Epistemology of Perception. Philosophy Compass 11 (1):24-42.
Felipe De Brigard (2014). Is Memory for Remembering? Recollection as a Form of Episodic Hypothetical Thinking. Synthese 191 (2):1-31.
Sen Cheng & Markus Werning (forthcoming). What is Episodic Memory If It is a Natural Kind? Synthese:1-41.
Kourken Michaelian (2014). JFGI: From Distributed Cognition to Distributed Reliabilism. Philosophical Issues 24 (1):314-346.
Similar books and articles
Kourken Michaelian (2011). Generative Memory. Philosophical Psychology 24 (3):323-342.
Kourken Michaelian (2012). (Social) Metacognition and (Self-)Trust. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (4):481-514.
J. Allik (2000). Available and Accessible Information in Memory and Vision. In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis
Gabriele Gratton, Monica Fabiani & Paul M. Corballis (2001). Working Memory Capacity and the Hemispheric Organization of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):121-122.
Georgios Constantine Pentzaropoulos (2011). Knowledge Acquisition as a Memory Renewal Process. Philosophy Pathways (159).
Bruno S. Frey (2005). ''Just Forget It.'' Memory Distortions as Bounded Rationality. Mind and Society 4 (1):13-25.
René Zeelenberg, Gijs Plomp & Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers (2003). Can False Memories Be Created Through Nonconscious Processes? Consciousness and Cognition 12 (3):403-412.
Gary W. Strong (1997). Real and Virtual Environments, Real and Virtual Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):756-757.
Robert H. Logie & Sergio Della Sala (2003). Working Memory as a Mental Workspace: Why Activated Long-Term Memory is Not Enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):745-746.
Kourken Michaelian (2011). Is Memory a Natural Kind? Memory Studies 4 (2):170-189.
Fred Adams (2011). Husker Du? Philosophical Studies 153 (1):81-94.
Tim Kenyon (2013). The Informational Richness of Testimonial Contexts. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):58-80.
Added to index2011-08-19
Total downloads79 ( #45,387 of 1,780,723 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #58,805 of 1,780,723 )
How can I increase my downloads?