David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Environmental Ethics 18 (2):165-180 (1996)
A central thesis of biocentrism is that all living things have intrinsic value. But when conflicts arise between the interests of humans and other organisms, this claim often has counterintuitive consequences. It would be wrong, for example, to swat pesky flies. Some biocentrists have responded by positing a taxonomy of interests in which human interests justifiably supersede those of other living things. I express doubts about whether this maneuver can succeed, and suggest that even if it does, it then commits biocentrists to the claim that it is wrong not to harm living things, when doing so is necessary to advance nonbasic human interests, a position which runs counter to the biocentric attitude of respect for nature. As a result, biocentrists must adopt either a highly counterintuitive position or one that is contrary to their general outlook. I show that the introduction of the supererogatory may resolve not only this biocentric dilemma but other quandaries in environmental ethics
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
R. J. Connelly (2000). Just-War Theory and the Role of the Police Sniper. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):175-189.
John Mizzoni (2004). St. Francis, Paul Taylor, and Franciscan Biocentrism. Environmental Ethics 26 (1):41-56.
Kenneth E. Goodpaster (1980). On Stopping at Everything: A Reply to W. M. Hunt. Environmental Ethics 2 (3):281-284.
Lawrence E. Johnson (1983). Humanity, Holism, and Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 5 (4):345-354.
Kenneth E. Goodpaster (1980). On Stopping at Everything. Environmental Ethics 2 (3):281-284.
Aaron Simmons (2010). Two Arguments Against Biological Interests. Environmental Ethics 32 (3):229-245.
Gary E. Varner (1998). In Nature's Interests?: Interests, Animal Rights, and Environmental Ethics. Oxford University Press.
James P. Sterba (1998). A Biocentrist Strikes Back. Environmental Ethics 20 (4):361-376.
Jason Kawall (2008). On Behalf of Biocentric Individualism. Environmental Ethics 30 (1):69-88.
Victoria Davion (2006). Itch Scratching, Patio Building, and Pesky Flies: Biocentric Individualism Revisted. Environmental Ethics 28 (2):115-128.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads4 ( #298,430 of 1,692,221 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #184,284 of 1,692,221 )
How can I increase my downloads?