David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):603-617 (2011)
Everyone has felt those tingling, tickly sensations occurring spontaneously all over the body in the absence of stimuli. But does anyone know where they come from? Here, right-handed subjects were asked to focus on one hand while looking at it and while looking away and subsequently to map and describe the spatial and qualitative attributes of sensations arising spontaneously. The spatial distribution of spontaneous sensations followed a proximo-distal gradient, similar to the one previously described for the density of receptive units. The intensity and spatial extent of the reported sensations were modulated by the focusing condition, especially in respect of the left hand. Convergent focusing acted upon the conscious perception of sensations by enhancing or suppressing them. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study of spontaneous sensations, and it offers considerable insight into their sources. The presence of the proximo-distal distributional gradient is a clear sign that receptive units are involved. The enhancement/suppression effects also confirm the involvement of attention. Finally, left-hand dominance suggests several right-hemisphere processes may be involved, such as spatial and tactile perception, and probably interoception
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Hugo D. Critchley, Stefan Wiens, Pia Rotshtein, Arne Öhman & Raymond J. Dolan (2004). Neural Systems Supporting Interoceptive Awareness. Nature Neuroscience 7 (2):189-195.
Michael I. Posner (1994). Attention: The Mechanisms of Consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 91:7398-7403.
Jean-Pierre Changeux & Stanislas Dehaene (2005). Ongoing Spontaneous Activity Controls Access to Consciousness: A Neuronal Model for Inattentional Blindness. PLoS Biology 3 (5):e141.
Wolf Singer (2001). Consciousness and the Binding Problem. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 929:123-46.
A. Craig (2004). Human Feelings: Why Are Some More Aware Than Others? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (6):239-241.
Citations of this work BETA
Laura Mirams, Ellen Poliakoff, Richard J. Brown & Donna M. Lloyd (2013). Brief Body-Scan Meditation Practice Improves Somatosensory Perceptual Decision Making. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):348-359.
Similar books and articles
Daniele Moyal-Sharrock (2000). Words as Deeds: Wittgenstein's ''Spontaneous Utterances'' and the Dissolution of the Explanatory Gap. Philosophical Psychology 13 (3):355 – 372.
Dorothy Sutherland Olsen (2010). “Old” Technology in New Hands: Instruments as Mediators of Interdisciplinary Learning in Microfluidics. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):231-254.
Sarah-Jane Patterson (2010). David Pantalony. Altered Sensations: Rudolph Koenig's Acoustical Workshop in Nineteenth-Century Paris. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):289-291.
Struan Jacobs (2000). Spontaneous Order: Michael Polanyi and Friedrich Hayek. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (4):49-67.
Lynn Stephens (1988). Unconscious Sensations. Topoi 7 (1):5-10.
Stephen L. White (1987). What is It Like to Be a Homunculus? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (June):148-74.
Geoffrey Brennan & Philip Pettit (1993). Hands Invisible and Intangible. Synthese 94 (2):191 - 225.
William G. Lycan (1979). A New Lilliputian Argument Against Machine Functionalism. Philosophical Studies 35 (April):279-87.
Gus diZerega (1997). Market Non‐Neutrality: Systemic Bias in Spontaneous Orders. Critical Review 11 (1):121-144.
Jonathan Schaffer (2005). Contrastive Knowledge. In Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology 1. Oxford University Press 235.
Werner Backhaus (1999). How to Compare Color Sensations in Different Brains. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):944-945.
Norton Nelkin (1987). How Sensations Get Their Names. Philosophical Studies 51 (May):325-39.
Kevin Sauvé (1998). Filled-in Sensations: The Primordial Species of Imagery? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):771-772.
Added to index2011-08-17
Total downloads10 ( #268,866 of 1,778,404 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,352 of 1,778,404 )
How can I increase my downloads?