David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (3):345-360 (2012)
The new social theories of practice have been inspired by Wittgenstein's late philosophy, phenomenology and more recent sociological theories. They regard embodied skills and routinized, mostly unconscious habits as a key foundation of human practice and knowledge. This position leads to an overstatement of the significance of the habitual dimension of practice. As several critics have suggested this approach omits the problems of transformative agency and change of practices. In turn classical practice theories, activity theory and pragmatism have analyzed the mechanisms of change. Pragmatism suggests that a crisis of a habit calls for reflection. Through working hypotheses and experimentation this leads to a transformation of a practice. Activity theory introduced the concept of remediation. A collective elaboration of shared mediational artefacts is needed to transform an activity
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References found in this work BETA
Margaret Scotford Archer (2000). Being Human: The Problem of Agency. Cambridge University Press.
Richard J. Bernstein (1971). Praxis and Action. Philadelphia,University of Pennsylvania Press.
Ian Burkitt (1999). Bodies of Thought: Embodiment, Identity, and Modernity. Sage Publications.
Yrjö Engeström, Reijo Miettinen & Raija-Leena Punamäki-Gitai (eds.) (1999). Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
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