From Local Product to Global Commodity

This study was conducted with the aim of outlining a comprehensive picture of the coverage of various sustainability schemes or criteria sets related to the entire value-added chain of biomass and bioenergy and comparing them accordingly. Eight sustainability schemes and one draft directive were chosen for the qualitative comparison: two existing sets of criteria for agricultural biomass (RSPO, RTRS); two existing forest certification schemes (FSC, Finnish FFCS); two newly developed initiatives for biomass for energy raw material (WWF Meta standard, CSB); and three recent proposals for bio energy and biofuels (SSB, Finnish SLF, EU draft directive).The analysis demonstrated that five schemes (RSPO, RTRS, FSC, CSB and SSB) are created for global application and commonly cover all sustainability issues plus the legal framework around it. The WWF Meta standard does also cover all issues, although the economic items are underemphasised. The two Finnish sets (FFCS and SLF) are mainly locally or regionally applied and focus more on environmental issues, as other issues are covered by existing legislation. The EU draft directive focuses mainly on the governance of energy from renewable sources at the European level, emphasising environmental issues. This paper resulted in the proposal of a tri-dimensional approach (sustainability issues; technical biomass conversion routes; physical trade flows) when comparing various biomass and bioenergy schemes and for further development and empirical testing of overall European biomass and bioenergy sustainability
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.5840/iabsproc20081947
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,667
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
John Gowdy (2001). Strong Versus Weak Sustainability. Environmental Ethics 23 (2):155-168.
Sanya Carley (2011). Normative Dimensions of Sustainable Energy Policy. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (2):211 - 229.
Lawrence J. Lad (2010). The Food Industry and Sustainability. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 21:121-123.
Lisa Calvano (2007). Promoting Sustainability Through Community-Based Enterprise in Ecuador. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:301-305.
D. Peter Stonehouse (2000). A Review of WTO and Environmental Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1):121-144.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

6 ( #336,406 of 1,727,171 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

3 ( #231,316 of 1,727,171 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.