Empathy, social psychology, and global helping traits

Philosophical Studies 142 (2):247-275 (2009)
Abstract
The central virtue at issue in recent philosophical discussions of the empirical adequacy of virtue ethics has been the virtue of compassion. Opponents of virtue ethics such as Gilbert Harman and John Doris argue that experimental results from social psychology concerning helping behavior are best explained not by appealing to so-called ‘global’ character traits like compassion, but rather by appealing to external situational forces or, at best, to highly individualized ‘local’ character traits. In response, a number of philosophers have argued that virtue ethics can accommodate the empirical results in question. My own view is that neither side of this debate is looking in the right direction. For there is an impressive array of evidence from the social psychology literature which suggests that many people do possess one or more robust global character traits pertaining to helping others in need. But at the same time, such traits are noticeably different from a traditional virtue like compassion
Keywords Social psychology  Harman  Doris  Empathy  Character traits  Altruism  Helping  Virtue ethics  Virtue  Compassion  Batson  Situationism
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References found in this work BETA
Nafsika Athanassoulis (2000). A Response to Harman: Virtue Ethics and Character Traits. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2):215–221.
Myles F. Burnyeat (1980). Aristotle on Learning to Be Good. In Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Essays on Aristotle's Ethics. University of California Press. 69--92.

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