David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The word ‘logic’ as used today is commonly taken to refer to a formal discipline, as indeed it was almost universally from the time of ARISTOTLE until at least the sixteenth century. But the writings of Descartes and his followers (notably Malebranche and the authors of the Port Royal Logic, Arnauld and Nicole) undermined this understanding of the word, preparing the ground for LOCKE to reinterpret it most influentially in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Locke adopted from the Cartesians a contempt for the alleged barrenness of Aristotelian syllogistic theory, and aspired to replace it with a discipline focused not on the formal relations of words, but instead on the powers of the human mind and the improvement of our cognitive faculties. It is this kind of informal discipline, therefore, which is most commonly referred to as “logic” by the empiricist authors from Locke to MILL, and indeed their understanding of the logical enterprise persisted until the turn of the twentieth century, when FREGE and RUSSELL firmly reestablished the discipline of formal logic in a new, more powerful, and non-Aristotelian guise.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
William W. Taschek (2008). Truth, Assertion, and the Horizontal: Frege on "the Essence of Logic". Mind 117 (466):375-401.
Andrew Aberdein (2006). Managing Informal Mathematical Knowledge: Techniques From Informal Logic. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4108:208--221.
Fred Sommers (2008). Ratiocination: An Empirical Account. Ratio 21 (2):115–133.
Dr Claus Brillowski, From Domains Towards a Logic of Universals: A Small Calculus for the Continuous Determination of Worlds.
Ralph H. Johnson (1999). The Relation Between Formal and Informal Logic. Argumentation 13 (3):265-274.
Robert Baum (1975). Logic. Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Maurice A. Finocchiaro (1997). The Port-Royal Logic's Theory of Argument. Argumentation 11 (4):393-410.
James G. Buickerood (1985). The Natural History of the Understanding: Locke and the Rise of Facultative Logic in the Eighteenth Century. History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (1):157-190.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #109,791 of 1,096,610 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #265,701 of 1,096,610 )
How can I increase my downloads?