David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):63-81 (2005)
Ethical theories normally make room both for global duties to human beings everywhere and special duties to those we are attached to in some way. Such a split-level view requires us to specify the kind of attachment that can ground special duties, and to explain the comparative force of the two kinds of duties in cases of conflict. Special duties are generated within groups that are intrinsically valuable and not inherently unjust, where the duties can be shown to be integral to relationships within the group. Since nations can be shown to meet these conditions, acknowledging special obligations towards compatriots is justified. However for such partiality to be reasonable, it must be balanced against recognition of duties of global justice. These duties include duties to respect human rights and duties of fairness towards non-nationals. Weighing such duties against domestic duties of social justice is not a simple task, and the outcome should depend on the precise specification of the duty at stake. In particular, the duty to respect human rights fragments into four sub-duties whose force when set against local duties is markedly different
|Keywords||duties global justice human rights justice nation national identity partiality|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (1981). Moral Luck: Philosophical Papers, 1973-1980. Cambridge University Press.
Thomas Pogge (2005). World Poverty and Human Rights. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):1–7.
David Miller (2001). On Nationality. Mind 110 (438):512-516.
Yael Tamir (1995). Liberal Nationalism. Princeton University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
An Verlinden (2010). Free Movement? On the Liberal Impasse in Coping with the Immigration Dilemma. Journal of International Political Theory 6 (1):51-72.
Thomas Douglas (2015). Parental Partiality and the Intergenerational Transmission of Advantage. Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2735-2756.
Patti Tamara Lenard & Margaret R. Moore (2009). Ineliminable Tension: A Reply to Abizadeh and Gilabert's 'is There a Genuine Tension Between Cosmopolitan Egalitarianism and Special Responsibilities?'. Philosophical Studies 146 (3):399 - 405.
Sune Lægaard (2006). Feasibility and Stability in Normative Political Philosophy: The Case of Liberal Nationalism. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (4):399-416.
Michael L. Gross (2011). Comradery, Community, and Care in Military Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):337-350.
Similar books and articles
Peter Vallentyne (2002). Equality and the Duties of Procreators. In David Archard & Colin Macleod (eds.), Children and Political Theory. Oxford University Press
Thomas Pogge (2002). Cosmopolitanism: A Defence. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5 (3):86-91.
Robert Bass (2006). Undermining Indirect Duty Theories. Between the Species (6):1.
Allen W. Wood (2009). Duties to Oneself, Duties of Respect to Others. In Thomas E. Hill (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Kant's Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell
Pablo Gilabert (2006). Basic Positive Duties of Justice and Narveson's Libertarian Challenge. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):193-216.
Corinna Mieth (2008). World Poverty as a Problem of Justice? A Critical Comparison of Three Approaches. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (1):15 - 36.
Gillian Brock (2008). What Do We Owe Others as a Matter of Global Justice and Does National Membership Matter? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):433-448.
Margaret Moore (2009). Is Patriotism an Associative Duty? Journal of Ethics 13 (4):383-399.
Seth Lazar (2010). A Liberal Defence of (Some) Duties to Compatriots. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (3):246-257.
Veit Bader (2005). Reasonable Impartiality and Priority for Compatriots. A Criticism of Liberal Nationalism's Main Flaws. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (1-2):83 - 103.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads150 ( #23,726 of 1,793,071 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #72,042 of 1,793,071 )
How can I increase my downloads?