David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Erkenntnis 30 (3):279 - 299 (1989)
The purpose of this article is to examine the applicability of the theory of projection for Anthropological hypotheses. The claim is made that Goodman's classic statement of the problem does not apply in its entirety to actual Anthropological hypotheses. The recent Freeman-Mead debate is employed as a framework for the discussion, illustrating that the issue of projectibility, while central for the social sciences, is best used as a backdrop to illustrate several important methodological problems. For Anthropology, and other related social sciences, the central methodological problem, which is directly related to the projectibility one, is the development and justification of evidence-rules that can be used for a theory of confirmation. A preliminary attempt is then made to articulate the nature of these rules within the general Hempelian framework of qualitative confirmation.
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References found in this work BETA
Nelson Goodman (1983). Fact, Fiction, and Forecast. Harvard University Press.
Clifford Geertz (1973). Thick Description: Towards an Interpretive Theory of Culture. In The Interpretation of Cultures. Basic Books
Philip Kitcher & Wesley C. Salmon (1989). Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13.
Carl G. Hempel (1945). Studies in the Logic of Confirmation (II.). Mind 54 (214):97-121.
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Citations of this work BETA
Steven I. Miller & Janet Fredericks (1992). Clarifying the "Adequate Evidence Condition" in Educational Issues and Research: A Lakoffian View. Educational Theory 42 (4):461-472.
Steven I. Miller (1994). 'Evidence' as an Idealized Cognitive Model. Social Epistemology 8 (2):163 – 175.
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Mark Risjord (2004). The Limits of Cognitive Theory in Anthropology. Philosophical Explorations 7 (3):281 – 297.
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Marcel Fredericks & Steven Miller (1988). Some Notes on Confirming Hypotheses in Qualitative Research: An Application. Social Epistemology 2 (4):345 – 352.
Lawrence Resnick (1959). Confirmation and Hypothesis. Philosophy of Science 26 (1):25-30.
Wim J. M. Dekkers (1995). F.J.J. Buytendijk's Concept of an Anthropological Physiology. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (1).
Steven I. Miller & Marcel Fredericks (1991). A Case for "Qualitative Confirmation" for the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Philosophy of Science 58 (3):452-467.
Robert John Schwartz (1981). Approximate Truth and Confirmation. Philosophy of Science 48 (4):606-610.
Marc Lange (1994). Earman on the Projectibility of Grue. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:87 - 95.
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