The constant gardener revisited: The effect ofsocial blackmail on the marketing concept,innovation, and entrepreneurship [Book Review]

Journal of Business Ethics 41 (3):287 - 295 (2002)
This paper discusses how adoption of the social dimensions of the marketing concept may unintentionally restrict innovation and corporate entrepreneurship, ultimately reducing social welfare. The impact of social marketing on innovation and entrepreneurship is discussed using the case of multinational pharmaceutical firms that are under pressure when marketing HIV treatments in poor countries.The argument this paper supports is that social welfare may eventually be diminished if forced social responsibility is imposed. The case of providing subsidized AIDS medication to less developed nations is used to illustrate how social blackmail may result in less innovation, entrepreneurship, and product development efforts by the pharmaceutical industry, ultimately reducing social welfare.
Keywords corporate entrepreneurship and social responsibility  innovation and ethics  innovation and public policy
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