David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):5-28 (2002)
This paper contrasts universalist approaches to justice with contextualist approaches. Universalists hold that basic principles of justice are invariant they apply in every circumstance in which questions of justice arise. Contextualists hold that different principles apply in different contexts, and that there is no underlying master principle that applies in all. The paper argues that universalists cannot explain why so many different theories of justice have been put forward, nor why there is so much diversity in the judgements that ordinary people make. Several strategies open to universalists are considered and found to be wanting. Contextualism is defended against the charge that it cannot explain why contextually specific principles are all principles of justice, the charge that it can offer no practical guidance when principles conflict, and the charge that it inevitably collapses into a form of conventionalism. Key Words: justice universalism contextualism conventionalism Rawls Walzer.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Carl Knight (2005). In Defence of Luck Egalitarianism. Res Publica 11 (1):1-10.
Helena de Bres (2011). The Many, Not the Few: Pluralism About Global Distributive Justice. Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (3):314-340.
Carl Knight (2012). In Defence of Global Egalitarianism. Journal of Global Ethics 8 (1):107-116.
Darrel Moellendorf (2011). Keynote Address to the Third International Global Ethics Association, 30 June 2010, Bristol Human Dignity, Respect, and Global Inequality. [REVIEW] Journal of Global Ethics 6 (3):339-352.
Thomas S. Huddle (2013). The Limits of Social Justice as an Aspect of Medical Professionalism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (4):369-387.
Similar books and articles
Mark Coeckelbergh (2007). Principles or Imagination? Two Approaches to Global Justice. Journal of Global Ethics 3 (2):203 – 221.
Laura Valentini (2011). Coercion and (Global) Justice. American Political Science Review 105 (1):205-220.
Stan van Hooft (2011). Humanity or Justice? Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):291-302.
Alex Voorhoeve (2005). Incentives and Principles for Individuals in Rawls’ Theory of Justice. Ethics and Economics 3 (1):1-7.
A. Tucker (2012). Scarce Justice: The Accuracy, Scope, and Depth of Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 11 (1):76-96.
András Miklós (2011). The Basic Structure and the Principles of Justice. Utilitas 23 (2):161-182.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads77 ( #20,290 of 1,140,341 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,341 )
How can I increase my downloads?