David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (2):85-88 (2012)
In Theory and Problems of Logic, Nolt et al. (1998, p. 203) claim that the following argument forms are fallacious: (a) It has not been proved that p. Therefore, ∼p. (b) It has not been proved that ∼p. Therefore, p. Accordingly, they argue that the following instances of (a) and (b) are also fallacious. (ai) No one has ever proved that God exists. Therefore, God does not exist. (bi) No one has ever proved that God does not exist. Therefore, God exists. Nolt/Rohatyn/Varzi’s verdict on arguments from ignorance is acceptable: “Nothing about the existence of God follows from our inability to prove God’s existence or nonexistence (i.e., from our ignorance about the matter)” (p. 203). However, since their analysis glosses over the role played by our epistemic efforts, their example might lead one to believe that theism and atheism are in the same predicament. Nevertheless, as I am about to argue, the weakness of the known arguments in favor of the existence of God coupled with the existence of an asymmetry between positive and negative empirical existential propositions determines a presumption in favor of the atheist that Nolt/Rohatyn/Varzi’s sketchy analysis of arguments from ignorance obscures.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Richard Bornat (2005). Proof and Disproof in Formal Logic: An Introduction for Programmers. New Yorkoxford University Press.
Leo Groarke (2008). Good Reasoning Matters!: A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking. Oxford University Press.
Douglas Walton (1995). Arguments From Ignorance. Penn State University Press.
Douglas Walton (1992). Nonfallacious Arguments From Ignorance. American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (4):381 - 387.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
J. L. Schellenberg (2013). God, Free Will, and Time: The Free Will Offense Part II. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):1-10.
William L. Power (2012). Franklin I. Gamwell, Existence and the Good: Metaphysical Necessity in Morals and Politics. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (3):261-265.
Michael Ruse (2011). Science and Religion Today. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):167-177.
Wes Morriston (2011). Is Goodness Without God Good Enough? A Debate on Faith, Secularism, and Ethics. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):85-89.
Ronald L. Hall (2011). Editorial Preface Vol. 70.2. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):107-108.
Travis Dumsday (2012). Divine Hiddenness and Creaturely Resentment. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (1):41-51.
Yann Schmitt (2013). The Deadlock of Absolute Divine Simplicity. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 74 (1):117-130.
C. Mesle (2011). J. Angelo Corlett: The Errors of Atheism. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):91-95.
J. Aaron Simmons (2012). Helping More Than “a Little”: Recent Books on Kierkegaard and Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 72 (3):227-242.
Constantine Sandis (2012). The Limits of Ignorance. Metascience 21 (2):483-484.
Dennis Vanden Auweele (2013). Erratum To: The Lutheran Influence on Kant's Depraved Will. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (2):135-135.
A. Anderson (2011). Verbin, N., Divinely Abused: A Philosophical Perspective on Job and His Kin. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):155-159.
Derek S. Jeffreys (2012). John Finnis, Religion and Public Reasons. Collected Essays: Volume V. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (3):257-260.
C. Mesle (2011). J. P. Moreland: The Recalcitrant Imago Dei: Human Persons and the Failure of Naturalism. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (1):103-106.
Scott Davison (2011). Nicholas Wolterstorff: Practices of Belief: Selected Essays, Volume 2 (Terence Cuneo, Ed.). [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (3):255-258.
Added to index2011-08-30
Total downloads56 ( #31,659 of 1,139,990 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #64,318 of 1,139,990 )
How can I increase my downloads?