The scientific dimensions of social knowledge and their distant echoes in 20th-century American philosophy of science

Abstract
The widespread impression that recent philosophy of science has pioneered exploration of the “social dimensions of scientific knowledge‘ is shown to be in error, partly due to a lack of appreciation of historical precedent, and partly due to a misunderstanding of how the social sciences and philosophy have been intertwined over the last century. This paper argues that the referents of “democracy‘ are an important key in the American context, and that orthodoxies in the philosophy of science tend to be molded by the actual regimes of science organization within which they are embedded. These theses are illustrated by consideration of three representative philosophers of science: John Dewey, Hans Reichenbach, and Philip Kitcher. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
Keywords philosophy   American   social sciences   context of discovery/justification   democracy   aims of science   logical positivism   social dimensions of science   John Dewey   Philip Kitcher
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