Findings follow framings: Navigating the empirical turn [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 168 (3):357 - 375 (2009)
In this paper, I outline several methodological questions that we need to confront. The chief question is how can we identify the nature of technological change and its varied cultural consequences—including social, political, institutional, and economic dimensions—when our different research methods, using distinct ‘levels’ or ‘scales’ of analysis, yield contradictory results. What can we say, in other words, when our findings about technology follow from the framings of our inquiries? In slightly different terms, can we combine insights from the fine-grained “social shaping of technology” as well as from complementary approaches accenting the “technological shaping of society?” As a way forward, I will suggest conducting multi-scale inquiries into the processes of technological and cultural change. This will involve recognizing and conceptualizing the analytical scales or levels on which we conduct inquiry (very roughly, micro, meso, macro) as well as outlining strategies for moving within and between these scales or levels. Of course we want and need diverse methodologies for analyzing technology and culture. I find myself in sympathy with geographer Brenner (New state spaces: urban governance and the rescaling of statehood, 2004, p. 7), who aspires to a “theoretically precise yet also historically specific conceptualization of [technological change] as a key dimension of social, political and economic life.”.
|Keywords||Historiography of technology Scale Social constructivism Agency-structure problem|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Hans Achterhuis (ed.) (2001). American Philosophy of Technology: The Empirical Turn. Indiana University Press.
Don Ihde (2004). Has the Philosophy of Technology Arrived? A State‐of‐the‐Art Review. Philosophy of Science 71 (1):117-131.
Peter-Paul Verbeek (2005). What Things Do: Philosophical Reflections on Technology, Agency, and Design. Penn State University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Robert Scharff (2012). Empirical Technoscience Studies in a Comtean World: Too Much Concreteness? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (2):153-177.
Similar books and articles
Clive Lawson (2008). An Ontology of Technology. Techne 12 (1):48-64.
Evan Selinger (2009). Towards a Reflexive Framework for Development: Technology Transfer After the Empirical Turn. Synthese 168 (3):377 - 403.
Georg Aichholzer (1991). 'Systemic Rationalization' in Austria: Social and Political Mediation in Technology Use and Work Organization. [REVIEW] AI and Society 5 (4):277-295.
Margaret R. Somers (1995). What's Political or Cultural About Political Culture and the Public Sphere? Toward an Historical Sociology of Concept Formation. Sociological Theory 13 (2):113-144.
Christian Clausen & Yutaka Yoshinaka (2004). Social Shaping of Technology in TA and HTA. Poiesis and Praxis 2 (s 2-3):221-246.
Sampsa Kaataja (2011). University Researchers Contributing to Technology Markets 1900–85. A Long-Term Analysis of Academic Patenting in Finland. [REVIEW] Minerva 49 (4):447-460.
Robert Albin (2006). Modern Technology as a Denaturalizing Force. Poiesis and Praxis 4 (4):289-302.
M. Rosaria Nucci Pearce & David Pearce (1989). Technology Vs. Science: The Cognitive Fallacy. Synthese 81 (3):405 - 419.
Rayvon Fouché (ed.) (2007). Technology Studies. Sage Publications.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #237,748 of 1,102,030 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #128,871 of 1,102,030 )
How can I increase my downloads?