David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (1):23-36 (1996)
Abstract Cognitive relativists?pragmatists (Stich, Churchland) claim that human cognitive strategies, lacking a common goal, are in addition divergent to the point of incommensurability. They appeal to the study of reasoning heuristics for evidence on cognitive diversity and incorrigibility. It is here argued that no such evidence is offered by the research, which, on the contrary (1) presents heuristics as uniform across great variations; (2) offers advice for correcting and improving human reasoning; and (3) very often postulates a uniformity of core logical strategies, built into reasoning competence. Cognitive research thus supports a moderate rationalism rather than relativism?pragmatism
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Ralph Hertwig (2000). The Questionable Utility of “Cognitive Ability” in Explaining Cognitive Illusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):678-679.
Renée Elio (ed.) (2002). Common Sense, Reasoning, & Rationality. Oxford University Press.
Don Locke (1979). Cognitive Stages or Developmental Phases? A Critique of Kohlberg's Stage‐Structural Theory of Moral Reasoning. Journal of Moral Education 8 (3):168-181.
Sara J. Unsworth (2012). Anthropology in the Cognitive Sciences: The Value of Diversity. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):429-436.
Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.
Nick Chater (2000). How Smart Can Simple Heuristics Be? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):745-746.
Thomas Sturm (2012). The “Rationality Wars” in Psychology: Where They Are and Where They Could Go. Inquiry 55 (1):66-81.
Francesca Chiesi, Caterina Primi & Kinga Morsanyi (2011). Developmental Changes in Probabilistic Reasoning: The Role of Cognitive Capacity, Instructions, Thinking Styles, and Relevant Knowledge. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (3):315 - 350.
Stuart Silvers (1992). A Stitchwork Quilt: Or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Cognitive Relativism. Philosophical Psychology 5 (4):391 – 410.
Katiuscia Sacco & Monica Bucciarelli (2007). The Role of Cognitive and Socio-Cognitive Conflict in Learning to Reason. Mind and Society 7 (1):1-19.
Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead (2003). Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
Jay J. Caughron, Alison L. Antes, Cheryl K. Stenmark, Chase E. Thiel, Xiaoqian Wang & Michael D. Mumford (2011). Sensemaking Strategies for Ethical Decision Making. Ethics and Behavior 21 (5):351 - 366.
Added to index2010-09-14
Total downloads73 ( #21,074 of 1,101,679 )
Recent downloads (6 months)37 ( #4,257 of 1,101,679 )
How can I increase my downloads?