Emergence: logical, functional and dynamical [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 185 (2):171-186 (2012)
Philosophical accounts of emergence have been explicated in terms of logical relationships between statements (derivation) or static properties (function and realization). Jaegwon Kim is a modern proponent. A property is emergent if it is not explainable by (or reducible to) the properties of lower level components. This approach, I will argue, is unable to make sense of the kinds of emergence that are widespread in scientific explanations of complex systems. The standard philosophical notion of emergence posits the wrong dichotomies, confuses compositional physicalism with explanatory physicalism, and is unable to represent the type of dynamic processes (self-organizing feedback) that both generate emergent properties and express downward causation
|Keywords||Emergence Downward causation Reduction Self-organization Chaos Feedback|
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References found in this work BETA
John W. Bickle (2008). Psychoneural Reduction: The New Wave. A Bradford Book.
Donald T. Campbell (1974). 11.'Downward Causation'in Hierarchically Organised Biological Systems. In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press 179.
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Peter A. Corning (2002). The Emergence of "Emergence": Now What? Emergence: Complexity and Organization 4 (3):54-71.
Citations of this work BETA
Ingo Brigandt (2013). Systems Biology and the Integration of Mechanistic Explanation and Mathematical Explanation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4):477-492.
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