David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):183-198 (2009)
The past 50 years have seen an accumulation of evidence suggesting that associative learning depends on high-level cognitive processes that give rise to propositional knowledge. Yet, many learning theorists maintain a belief in a learning mechanism in which links between mental representations are formed automatically. We characterize and highlight the differences between the propositional and link approaches, and review the relevant empirical evidence. We conclude that learning is the consequence of propositional reasoning processes that cooperate with the unconscious processes involved in memory retrieval and perception. We argue that this new conceptual framework allows many of the important recent advances in associative learning research to be retained, but recast in a model that provides a firmer foundation for both immediate application and future research
|Keywords||association associative link automatic awareness conditioning controlled dual-system human associative learning propositional|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Frank Baeyens, Paul Eelen & Omer van den Bergh (1990). Contingency Awareness in Evaluative Conditioning: A Case for Unaware Affective-Evaluative Learning. Cognition and Emotion 4 (1):3-18.
Robert C. Bolles & Michael S. Fanselow (1980). A Perceptual-Defensive-Recuperative Model of Fear and Pain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):291.
Nick Chater & Alan Yuille (2006). Probabilistic Models of Cognition: Conceptual Foundations. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (7):287-291.
D. M. Colgan (1970). Effects of Instructions on the Skin Resistance Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):108.
S. W. Cook & R. E. Harris (1937). The Verbal Conditioning of the Galvanic Skin Reflex. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (2):202.
Citations of this work BETA
Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts (2011). Learning of Predictive Relations Between Events Depends on Attention, Not on Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):368-378.
James R. Schmidt, Jan Houweder & Derek Besner (2010). Contingency Learning and Unlearning in the Blink of an Eye: A Resource Dependent Process. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):235-250.
Carey K. Morewedge & Daniel Kahneman (2010). Associative Processes in Intuitive Judgment. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (10):435-440.
D. Schneider, V. P. Slaughter, A. P. Bayliss & P. E. Dux (2013). A Temporally Sustained Implicit Theory of Mind Deficit in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Cognition 129 (2):410-417.
Tal Moran & Yoav Bar-Anan (2013). The Effect of Object–Valence Relations on Automatic Evaluation. Cognition and Emotion 27 (4):743-752.
Similar books and articles
N. A. Schmajuk & G. M. Kutlu (2009). The Computational Nature of Associative Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):223-224.
Mark Collier (2007). Why History Matters: Associations and Causal Judgment in Hume and Cognitive Science. Journal of Mind and Behavior 28 (3):175-188.
Philip S. Wong, Edward Bernat, Michael Snodgrass & Howard Shevrin (2004). Event-Related Brain Correlates of Associative Learning Without Awareness. International Journal of Psychophysiology 53 (3):217-231.
Mikhail N. Zhadin (2000). Difficulties with Synaptic Theory of Learning and Memory and Possible Remedies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):550-551.
James S. Uleman (2009). Automatic (Spontaneous) Propositional and Associative Learning of First Impressions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):227-228.
Chris J. Mitchell, Jan De Houwer & Peter F. Lovibond (2009). Link-Based Learning Theory Creates More Problems Than It Solves. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):230-246.
Nanxin Li (2009). Trace Conditioning, Awareness, and the Propositional Nature of Associative Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):212-212.
Jan de Houwer (2006). Using the Implicit Association Test Does Not Rule Out an Impact of Conscious Propositional Knowledge on Evaluative Conditioning. Learning and Motivation 37 (2):176-187.
Rita Nolan (2009). The New Enlightenment Hypothesis: All Learners Are Rational. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):219-220.
David R. Shanks (2009). The Associative Nature of Human Associative Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):225-226.
Added to index2009-04-24
Total downloads21 ( #82,692 of 1,102,721 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #296,833 of 1,102,721 )
How can I increase my downloads?