David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):612-620 (2008)
Abstract: In this brief article, I claim that the Contribution Principle invoked by Christian Barry as a key principle for determining who owes what to the global destitute is mistaken as a definitive principle and unjustified as a provisional principle for dealing with global poverty. This principle assumes that merely causing, or contributing to the cause of, a state of affairs may be sufficient to have a special responsibility to bear the costs that this state of affairs entails. I argue that an agent will only have such a special responsibility if he or she has caused a state of affairs (for example, acute destitution) by violating a duty not to do so. Therefore, the Contribution Principle is mistaken. Finally, I tackle two possible responses to my argument. The first claims that states have a duty not to undertake actions that may cause, or contribute to the cause of, acute deprivations. The second claims that although the Contribution Principle may be mistaken as a definitive principle for dealing with global destitution, it is nonetheless correct as a provisional principle.
|Keywords||poverty responsibility causation compensation duties|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Stan van Hooft (2011). Humanity or Justice? Journal of Global Ethics 7 (3):291-302.
Michael Strevens (1995). A Closer Look at the 'New' Principle. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (4):545-561.
David Miller (2005). Against Global Egalitarianism. Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):55 - 79.
Mark C. Murphy (1997). The Conscience Principle. Journal of Philosophical Research 22:387-407.
Lea Ypi (2011). Self-Ownership and the State: A Democratic Critique. Ratio 24 (1):91-106.
Pablo Gilabert (2005). The Duty to Eradicate Global Poverty: Positive or Negative? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (5):537 - 550.
Jonathan Hughes (2006). How Not to Criticize the Precautionary Principle. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (5):447 – 464.
Leslie Pickering Francis (2003). Global Systemic Problems and Interconnected Duties. Environmental Ethics 25 (2):115-128.
Gerhard Øverland (2013). 602 and One Dead: On Contribution to Global Poverty and Liability to Defensive Force. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):279-299.
Gillian Brock (2005). The Difference Principle, Equality of Opportunity, and Cosmopolitan Justice. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (3):333-351.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #94,089 of 1,096,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #273,068 of 1,096,840 )
How can I increase my downloads?