David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Axiomathes 19 (4):425-439 (2009)
Evidence-based approaches to policy-making are growing in popularity. A generally embraced view is that with the appropriate evidence at hand, decision and policy making will be optimal, legitimate and publicly accountable. In practice, however, evidence-based policy making is constrained by a variety of problems of evidence. Some of these problems will be explored in this article, in the context of the debates on evidence from which they originate. It is argued that the source of much disagreement might be a failure to addressing crucial philosophical assumptions that inform, often silently, these debates. Three controversial questions will be raised which appear central to some of the challenges faced by evidence-based policy making: firstly, how do certain types of facts candidate themselves as evidence; secondly, how do we decide what evidence we have, and how much of it; and thirdly, can we combine evidence. In addressing these questions it will be shown how a philosophically informed debate might prove instrumental in clarifying and settling practical difficulties.
|Keywords||Evidence Policy-making Facts Practical objectivity Transparency|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
N. Cartwright, A. Goldfinch & J. Howick (2009). Evidence-Based Policy: Where is Our Theory of Evidence? Journal of Children’s Services 4 (4):6--14.
Nancy Cartwright (2007). Are Rcts the Gold Standard? Biosocieties 1:11-20.
Lorraine Daston (2007). Objectivity. Distributed by the Mit Press.
Trudy Dehue (2002). A Dutch Treat: Randomized Controlled Experimentation and the Case of Heroin-Maintenance in the Netherlands. History of the Human Sciences 15 (2):75-98.
Ian Hacking (1995). The Emergence of Probability. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
R. E. G. Upshur & Errol Colak (2003). Argumentation and Evidence. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (4):283-299.
Tone Kvernbekk (2011). The Concept of Evidence in Evidence-Based Practice. Educational Theory 61 (5):515-532.
Jim Mackenzie (2012). Evidence-Based Education Policy: What Evidence? What Basis? Whose Policy? – Edited by D. Bridges, P. Smeyers and R. Smith. [REVIEW] Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (1):117-119.
Federica Russo (2012). Public Health Policy, Evidence, and Causation: Lessons From the Studies on Obesity. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):141-151.
Nancy Cartwright (2009). Evidence-Based Policy: What's to Be Done About Relevance? [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 143 (1):127 - 136.
Caroline Hudson (2003). Basic Skills Provision for Offenders on Probation Supervision: Beyond a Rhetoric of Evidence-Based Policy? British Journal of Educational Studies 51 (1):64 - 81.
Simon A. Cole, Toward Evidence-Based Evidence: Supporting Forensic Knowledge Claims in the Post-Daubert Era.
Added to index2009-10-14
Total downloads40 ( #41,540 of 1,098,599 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #57,255 of 1,098,599 )
How can I increase my downloads?