Corporate social and financial performance: An investigation in the U.k. Supermarket industry [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):299 - 315 (2001)
The comparison of corporate social performance with corporate financial performance has been a popular field of study over the past 25 years. The results, while broadly conclusive of a positive relationship, are not entirely consistent. In addition, most of the previous studies have concentrated on large-scale cross-industry studies and often with a single variable for corporate social performance, in order to produce statistically significant results. This weakens the richness of understanding that might be obtained from a single industry study with multiple social variables, which would also allow investigation of inter-relationships between individual and sub-sets of social performance measures and between individual and sub-sets of social performance and financial performance measures. There have also been criticisms that the results lack a rigorous theoretical basis, and the paper demonstrates clearly how stakeholder theory must form the basis for this area of research. Following a review of the literature this paper presents the initial findings from a study of the U.K. Supermarket industry which suggest that contemporaneous social and financial performance are negatively related, while prior-period financial performance is positively related with subsequent social performance. Positive relationships between both age and size of the company with social performance are also found.
|Keywords||business-ethics corporate-financial-performance corporate-social-performance corporate-social-responsibility U.K.-supermarkets|
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Citations of this work BETA
Supriti Mishra & Damodar Suar (2010). Does Corporate Social Responsibility Influence Firm Performance of Indian Companies? Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):571 - 601.
Belaid Rettab, Anis Ben Brik & Kamel Mellahi (2009). A Study of Management Perceptions of the Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Organisational Performance in Emerging Economies: The Case of Dubai. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (3):371 - 390.
Niklas Egels-Zandén & Joakim Sandberg (2010). Distinctions in Descriptive and Instrumental Stakeholder Theory: A Challenge for Empirical Research. Business Ethics: A European Review 19 (1):35-49.
Robert C. Padgett & Jose I. Galan (2010). The Effect of R&D Intensity on Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 93 (3):407 - 418.
Chung-Hua Shen & Yuan Chang (2009). Ambition Versus Conscience, Does Corporate Social Responsibility Pay Off? The Application of Matching Methods. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):133 - 153.
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