David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2) (1988)
It has been demonstrated that death certificates do not accurately record the actual cause of death in up to one-fourth of cases, as determined from subsequent autopsy findings. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of natural language autopsy data bases as an automated quality assurance mechanism. We translated the account of the major process leading to death, or the primary diagnosis, from all 45,564 narrative autopsy reports obtained at The Johns Hopkins Hospital between May 28, 1889, and June 30, 1987, into the hierarchical system of Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) titles. We obtained a total of 125,772 MeSH title translations, 1,563 of them distinct (average 2.8 per case), ranging in frequency from 6,029 occurrences of LUNG to 1 occurrence apiece of 357 MeSH titles. The natural-language-to-MeSH translations showed expected trends over the past century: fewer infectious diseases; more cardiovascular and neoplastic disease among adults; and more respiratory diseases and congenital malformations in the pediatric age group. The greater availability of autopsy documents in electronic form should increase the value of this resource for quality assurance.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
A. Miah (2004). The Public Autopsy: Somewhere Between Art, Education, and Entertainment. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):576-579.
Masahiro Morioka (2001). Reconsidering Brain Death: A Lesson From Japan's Fifteen Years of Experience. Hastings Center Report 31 (4):41-46.
Keith Augustine (2007). Does Paranormal Perception Occur in Near-Death Experiences? Journal of Near Death Studies 25 (4):203-236.
Jon Williamson (2011). Generic Versus Single-Case Causality: The Case of Autopsy. [REVIEW] European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (1):47-69.
Peter Lamarque (1990). The Death of the Author: An Analytical Autopsy. British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (4):319-331.
David Hershenov (2009). Mandatory Autopsies and Organ Conscription. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (4):367-391.
Stephanie West (1987). Herodotean Autopsy O. Kimball Armayor: Herodotus' Autopsy of the Fayoum: Lake Moeris and the Labyrinth of Egypt. Pp. Xiv + 160; 6 Maps. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 1985. Fl. 65. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 37 (01):6-8.
Philomena Horsley (2010). Teaching the Anatomy of Death: A Dying Art? [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 2 (1):1-19.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #226,421 of 1,101,181 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #290,806 of 1,101,181 )
How can I increase my downloads?