David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8 (2007)
Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. Results Health RECs in SA have an average of 16 members and REC members are predominantly male and white. Overall, there was a large discrepancy in findings between under-resourced RECs and well resourced RECs. The majority of members (56%) are scientists or clinicians who are typically affiliated to the same institution as the health REC. Community representatives account for only 8% of membership. Training needs for health REC members varied widely. Conclusion Most major health RECs in South Africa are well organized given the resource constraints that exist in relation to research ethics in developing countries. However, the gender, racial and occupational diversity of most of these RECs is suboptimal, and most RECs are not constituted in accordance with South African guidelines. Variability in the operations and training needs of RECs is a reflection of apartheid-entrenched influences in tertiary education in SA. While legislation now exists to enforce standardization of research ethics review systems, no provision has been made for resources or capacity development, especially to support historically-disadvantaged institutions. Perpetuation of this legacy of apartheid represents a violation of the principles of justice and equity.
|Keywords||info:mesh/South Africa Ethics Committees, Research South Africa info:mesh/Ethics Committees, Research|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ronald Kiguba, Paul Kutyabami, Stephen Kiwuwa, Elly Katabira & Nelson Sewankambo (2012). Assessing the Quality of Informed Consent in a Resource-Limited Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):21-.
Sylvester C. Chima, Takafira Mduluza & Julius Kipkemboi (2013). Viewpoint Discrimination and Contestation of Ideas on its Merits, Leadership and Organizational Ethics: Expanding the African Bioethics Agenda. BMC Medical Ethics 14 (Suppl 1):S1.
Takafira Mduluza, Nicholas Midzi, Donold Duruza & Paul Ndebele (2013). Maintaining Respect and Fairness in the Usage of Stored Shared Specimens. BMC Medical Ethics 14 (Suppl 1):S7.
Nelson K. Sewankambo Ronald Kiguba, Paul Kutyabami, Stephen Kiwuwa, Elly Katabira (2012). Assessing the Quality of Informed Consent in a Resource-Limited Setting: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):21.
Similar books and articles
Jérôme Ateudjieu, John Williams, Marie Hirtle, Cédric Baume, Joyce Ikingura, Alassane Niaré & Dominique Sprumont (2010). Training Needs Assessment in Research Ethics Evaluation Among Research Ethics Committee Members in Three African Countries: Cameroon, Mali and Tanzania. Developing World Bioethics 10 (2):88-98.
Hany Sleem, Samer S. El-Kamary & Henry J. Silverman (2010). Identifying Structures, Processes, Resources and Needs of Research Ethics Committees in Egypt. BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):12-.
Keymanthri Moodley, Medical Research on Human Subjects in South Africa : A Critical Assessment of the Work of Research Ethics Committees.
Carel Ijsselmuiden, Debbie Marais, Douglas Wassenaar & Boitumelo Mokgatla-Moipolai (2012). Mapping African Ethical Review Committee Activity Onto Capacity Needs: The Marc Initiative and Hrweb's Interactive Database of Recs in Africa. Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):74-86.
Andreas Hoecht (2011). Whose Ethics, Whose Accountability? A Debate About University Research Ethics Committees. Ethics and Education 6 (3):253 - 266.
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Aisha Adaranijo, Florita Durueke, Ademola Ajuwon, Adebayo Adejumo, Oliver Ezechi, Kola Oyedeji & Olayide Akanni (2012). Impact of Three Years Training on Operations Capacities of Research Ethics Committees in Nigeria. Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):1-14.
Merryn Ekberg (2012). Reassessing the Role of the Biomedical Research Ethics Committee. Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (4):335-352.
Joses Kirigia, Charles Wambebe & Amido Baba-Moussa (2005). Status of National Research Bioethics Committees in the WHO African Region. BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-7.
Ghaiaith Hussein (2008). The Sudan Experience. Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (4):289-293.
L. Horn (2013). Powers and Faden's Theory of Social Justice Applied to the Problem of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in South Africa. Public Health Ethics 6 (1):3-10.
Sharad Chari (2008). Elite Transition: From Apartheid to Neoliberalism in South Africa Unsustainable South Africa: Environment, Development and Social Protest Against Global Apartheid: South Africa Meets the World Bank, IMF and Global Finance Talk Left, Walk Right: South Africa's Frustrated Global Reforms Arise Ye Coolies: Apartheid and the Indian, 1960–1995 We Are the Poors: Community Struggles in Post-Apartheid South Africa Blacks in Whites: A Century of Cricket Struggles in KwaZulu-Natal. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 16 (2):167-189.
Sibusiso Sifunda David Buchanan, Shamagonam James Nasheen Naidoo & Priscilla Reddy (2008). Assuring Adequate Protections in International Health Research: A Principled Justification and Practical Recommendations for the Role of Community Oversight. Public Health Ethics 1 (3).
Vilius Dranseika, Eugenijus Gefenas, Asta Cekanauskaite, H. U. G. Kristina, Signe Mezinska, Eimantas Peicius, Vents Silis, Andres Soosaar & Martin Strosberg (2011). Twenty Years of Human Research Ethics Committees in the Baltic States. Developing World Bioethics 11 (1):48-54.
Brenda Louw & Rina Delport (2006). Contextual Challenges in South Africa: The Role of a Research Ethics Committee. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 4 (1-4):39-60.
Charles Weijer (1999). Selecting Subjects for Participation in Clinical Research: One Sphere of Justice. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (1):31-36.
Added to index2010-11-17
Total downloads51 ( #33,913 of 1,099,911 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #67,010 of 1,099,911 )
How can I increase my downloads?